Archive for the Nuclear Weapon Category

CIA Photoshopped Fake Syrian Nuke Site Pics

Posted in Nuclear Weapon, USA with tags , , , , , , , on December 10, 2008 by indonesiaunderground

CIA Backed War Criminals Charged

by LOS ANGELES TIMES

Professor William Beeman at the University of Minnesota passed along a note today from “a colleague with a U.S. security clearance” about the mysterious Syrian site targeted in a Sept. 6 Israeli airstrike.

The note raises more questions about the evidence shown last week by U.S. intelligence officials to lawmakers in the House and Senate.

The author of the note pinpoints irregularities about the photographs. Beeman’s source alleges that the CIA “enhanced” some of the images. For example he cites this image:

(SEE PHOTO)

CIA Photoshopped Fake Syrian Nuke Site Pics

The lower part of the building, the annex, and the windows pointing south appear much sharper than the rest of the photo, suggesting that they were digitally improved.

The author points to more questions about the photographs of the Syrian site.

1. Satellite photos of the alleged reactor building show no air defenses or anti-aircraft batteries such as the ones found around the Natanz nuclear site in central Iran.

2. The satellite images do not show any military checkpoints on roads near the building.

3. Where are the power lines? The photos show neither electricity lines or substations.

4. Here is a link to a photo of the North Korean facility that the Syrian site was based on. Look at all the buildings surrounding it. The Syrian site was just one building.

ORIGINALLY PUBLISHED
http://www.infowars.com/?p=1796

Source : http://www.conspiracyplanet.com

Chavez Minati Pengembangan Reaktor Nuklir

Posted in Nuclear Weapon with tags , , , , , , on September 29, 2008 by indonesiaunderground

Senin, 29 September 2008 – 15:38 wib
Widi Agustian – Okezone
CARACAS – Presiden Venezuela Hugo Chavez mengungkapkan, akan mengembangkan reaktor nuklir untuk tujuan kedamaian.

Rencana tersebut dilontarkan, setelah beberapa hari sebelumnya Rusia menawarkan bantuan nuklir kepada pemimpin dari negara sosialis Amerika Latin tersebut. Dengan demikian, hal ini merupakan tantangan untuk Washington.

“Venezuela tertarik untuk mengembangkan energi nuklir, tentu saja untuk tujuan kedamaian, medis, serta untuk generator listrik,” ujar Chavez, seperti dikutip reuters, Senin (29/9/2008).

Lebih jauh dia mengungkapkan, Brazil dan Argentina telah memiliki reaktor listriknya masing-masing, untuk itu Venezuela pun harus memilikinya.

Chavez mengatakan, Venezuela adalah salah satu negara anggota kartel minyak OPEC yang pernah mengembangkan reaktor nuklir pada beberapa dasawarsa lalu, tetapi tidak dilanjutkan karena adanya tekanan dari AS.

Dia mengatakan, Perdana Menteri Russia Vladimir Putin akan membantu dalam pengadaan reaktor. “Kami sudah memiliki komisi kerja untuk menangani isu ini,” katanya.

Namun, Chaves tidak mengatakan kapan reaktor tersebut akan siap dilakukan. Walaupun demikian, kabar tersebut tetap dapat mengganggu hubungan negara tersebut dengan AS.

Dia mengaku, telah ditantang berulang kali oleh AS, khususnya karena turut mempertahankan nuklir Iran dari AS dan Eropa.

Chavez pun melontarkan pernyataan kontroversial, akan mengusir duta besar AS dari Venezuela pada bulan ini, dan mengulangi ancamannya untuk menghentikan penjualan minyaknya ke negara tersebut, yang merupakan 10 persen dari impor minyak AS.

Venezuela mendukung kerja sama dengan Rusia sejak mendapat tekanan dari AS, yakni sejak adanya konflik dengan Georgia. Dengan demikian, mereka berdua menjadi lebih kuat untuk menghadapi AS. (rhs)

Source : okezone.com

McCAIN’S ZIONIST MASTER PLAN

Posted in Indonesia, Nuclear Weapon with tags , , , on September 9, 2008 by indonesiaunderground

By Brother Nathanael Kapner, Copyright 2008

THE ZIONIST SEEDS HAVE BEEN PLANTED by the Bush administration for the global dominance of a Zionist controlled America. This geopolitical Master Plan now appears to be counting on a McCain administration to nurture it.

The blueprint for this “Zionist Master Plan” was drafted in February 1992 when Defense Department staffers, Zionists’ Paul Wolfowitz & Lewis “Scooter” Libby, acting under Secretary of Defense Dick Cheney, penned the Defense Planning Guidance.

This document, known as the “Wolfowitz Doctrine,” leaked by the NY Times, contained the following directives:

The U.S. should prevent the emergence of any rival superpower.

The US should undertake military actions through pre-emptive strikes.

The US should prepare to invade Iraq.

Indeed, this Zionist Master Plan, which calls for the establishment of a “new order” is hoped to be expanded by McCain whose Zionist handlers like Senator Lieberman, (constantly photographed with McCain), are in full control.

McCAIN’S JEWISH NEOCON CONNECTION

THE ORIGINAL MISSION of the “Wolfowitz Doctrine” was taken up in 1997 by the neocon “think tank” Project for the New American Century. PNAC’s members included Zionists’ Wolfowitz, Libby, William Kristol, Robert Kagan, Elliott Abrams, and Zionist sympathizers’ Rumsfeld, Cheney, & Jeb Bush.

McCain’s connection to the PNAC began in 1994 when he was president of the New Citizenship Project founded by William Kristol in 1994. This organization parented the PNAC.

In 1998 McCain co-sponsored the Iraq Liberation Act—drafted by the PNAC—which decreed that a “regime change” in Iraq be US policy. The Act, signed by both McCain & Lieberman, led to the creation of the false intelligence of Saddam Hussein’s “Weapons Of Mass Destruction.”

McCain was also co-chair with Lieberman of the Committee for the Liberation of Iraq
established by the PNAC in late 2002. The CLI’s mission was to rally public support for a US Iraqi invasion. Using the false information of Hussein’s “WMD” it succeeded in duping the American public.

WILL JEWISH NEOCONS BE BACK IN THE WHITE HOUSE?

WITHOUT A DOUBT the Jewish neocons will be back in a McCain White House. Already former members of the PNAC are surrounding McCain. Zionist neocon Randy Scheunemann, founder of the Committee for the Liberation of Iraq mentioned above, is McCain’s foreign policy advisor.

As a preview of things to come, on June 12 2008, Scheunemann accused Obama of a “policy of delusion” toward terrorism – meaning that the “war on terrorism” will be expanded by McCain.

Scheunemann is joined by his fellow Jewish neocons of the now defunct PNAC as McCain’s advisors. They are William Kristol, (former President of the PNAC), & Robert Kagan, (former Director of the PNAC), in “advising” their puppet, John McCain.

source : http://www.realjewnews.com

Russia to create electromagnetic super weapon

Posted in Nuclear Weapon with tags , , , , on September 8, 2008 by indonesiaunderground

Russia to create electromagnetic super weapon Russia to create electromagnetic super weapon

04.09.2008

Defense strategists place their stakes on high-tech weapons. Nearly all superpowers of the world conduct their works in the development of such weapons. It transpired recently that Russian scientists developed a generator, the capacity of which is comparable to that of a nuclear unit. It is a genuine scientific breakthrough, and it is already clear that the defense industry will not be the only field where the new super device is going to be used.

An individual, who is miles away from physics and is only familiar with home electricity, will not be able to imagine the power of several billions of watts. It will be even harder to imagine that such power can be generated by a device that is fit to be placed on a table.

“The devices generating such power – billions of watts – used to be very large in size before. This appliance has a very short impulse, which makes it possible to have it on a desk – it is a very compact device,” the Director of Lebedev’s Institute of Physics, Vice President of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Gennady Mesyats said.

Mikhail Yalandin, one of the creators of the miraculous machine, said that the scientists had assembled two of such devices in Yekaterinburg – a bigger and a smaller one.

Never before had a relatively small device ever been able to generate electromagnetic impulses the capacity of which could be comparable to a huge water power plant. It is ten times as much as any foreign-made analogue.

The new device can be used practically anywhere. The invention will let specialists create radar telescopes and radars of new generation. Missile troops and defense departments on the whole will most likely be the first customers to order the appliance. The new generators can also be used to check the stability of large energy objects and systems. The device is capable of imitating the strays which appear as a result of a lightning strike or even a nuclear blast.

It is impossible to take photographs or film a video of the new generator in action because it immediately puts all electronic devices out of order.

The research that was used for the creation of such a device can be applied in the development of electromagnetic weapons.

“No one has ever studied biological effects of such impulses. It is obvious that it affects the electronic equipment near it. Computers or cell phones have to be screened from such radiation,” Mikhail Yalandin, a senior specialist of the Institute of Electrophysics said.

The device was called Nika, which means ‘victory’.

source : http://english.pravda.ru/

Bubble Fusion Vindicated in Flagship Nuclear Journal

Posted in Nuclear Weapon with tags , , , , on September 6, 2008 by indonesiaunderground

Adapted by Joy Cernac and Sterling D. Allan
for Pure Energy Systems News


NOTE: Rusi Taleyarkhan, pictured above, was officially reprimanded, despite the NED peer-reviewed paper that vindicates Bubble Fusion. He will no longer have a named professorship at the university and will not fully supervise graduate students for three years. The announcement follows an unsuccessful appeal by Taleyarkhan against two counts of research misconduct: “He added a student’s name to papers to invoke a witness to the experiments, and stated falsely that his results had been independently confirmed.” (New Scientist; Aug. 28, 2008)

Bubble fusion, which in the last couple of years has come to be viewed with a jaundiced eye, has been cleared by a new peer-reviewed report that examines the faulty basis for the negative assessment.

A new scientific paper* on bubble fusion has been published by the multi-institutional team of Taleyarkhan, Lapinskas, Xu, Cho, Lahey and Nigmatulin under the international publishing house, Elsevier B.V., in the nuclear industry’s premier scientific journal, Nuclear Engineering and Design (NED).

The purpose of this new seminal paper is to undo misconceptions generated by University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA) researcher’s webposting, which was assumed as technically accurate and reported by Nature magazine in March of 2006.

Over the past two years, a methodical and systematic study was undertaken with the intense efforts of researchers from Purdue University, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, FNC Tech. of S. Korea together with input from Dr. West (retd. ORNL). This study was documented, using time-honored traditions, then offered for anonymous peer review, acceptance and publication in Nuclear Engineering and Design*.

The results of the new archival publication* confirm for the record that the confusion and controversies caused from past reports have resulted from neglect of important details within bubble fusion experiments. The new results demonstrate that neutron pulse pileup due to picosecond duration neutron pulse emission during bubble fusion events, ice-pack shielding between the detector and the fusion source, and gamma photon leakage all play important roles in affecting the spectra of neutrons from acoustic inertial confinement thermonuclear fusion experiments.

Bubble fusion :
Bubble fusion, also known as sonofusion, is the non-technical name for a nuclear fusion reaction hypothesized to occur during sonoluminescence, an extreme form of acoustic cavitation. Officially, this reaction is termed acoustic inertial confinement fusion (AICF) since the inertia of the collapsing bubble wall confines the energy, causing an extreme rise in temperature. The high temperatures sonoluminescence can produce raises the possibility that it might be a means to achieve thermonuclear fusion. At temperatures hot enough, atoms can literally fuse and release even more energy than when they split in nuclear fission, now used in nuclear power plants and weapons. Furthermore, fusion is clean in that it does not produce long-lived nuclear waste. (Wikipedia)

The new paper presents a comprehensive study that takes into account all six of the reported successful bubble fusion studies, including those associated with successful confirmations by groups unaffiliated with the original Taleyarkhan et al. research team. Two, unique, calibrated, validated and cross-checked methods were employed. Notably, in some of these successful bubble fusion experimental programs, ice-pack shielding was present between the reactor and detector. The goal was to address the confusion resulting from simulations conducted under incorrect experimental configurations and omission of key physics behind the bubble fusion phenomenon.
1 http://authors.elsevier.com/offprints/NED5101/7cf7d2609f7b7995b711ac3e84956ae9

On March 8, 2006, Nature magazine unfortunately published an online article under the title, “Bubble bursts for table-top fusion; Data analysis calls bubble fusion into question”, by UCLA researchers, namely Brian Naranjo, under the supervision of Seth Putterman (doi:10.1038/news060306-3). This single, misinformed, unpublished, web-posted, non-peer reviewed article, which relied on sources with undisclosed conflicts of interest with competitors, set into motion a federally mandated two-year investigation. This article presented computer code simulation results for the anticipated neutron spectrum in bubble fusion experiments of Taleyarkhan et al. (PRL 96, Jan. 2006). This UCLA simulation was conducted for a guessed (without fact checking) experimental geometry, and it missed other attributes of bubble fusion phenomena in which neutrons of a fixed energy of 2.45 MeV from the bubble fusion nuclear reactor go whizzing past to a nearby detector with nothing in between. UCLA’s calculated neutron spectrum was shown to be very different from that published in the 2006 experimental report by Taleyarkhan et al., but resembled the overall features of a neutron energy spectrum from Californium-252. This is a commonly used laboratory radio-isotope, which spontaneously emits neutrons over a range of energies. The Nature March 8, 2006 article alleged actions that constitute fraud, bubble fusion data fabrication, and quoted UCLA’s B. Naranjo as stating: “The probability of getting such a poor match for neutrons produced by fusion is one in more than 100 Million –virtually impossible.” This webpost verdict from a UCLA graduate student was portrayed by the Nature reporter as true without accurately investigating the facts.

The resulting fallout was immense and extremely damaging to the Taleyarkhan et al. team, and severely damaged credibility of the bubble nuclear fusion field, bringing it to a virtual halt. An in-depth, federally mandated investigation of the incident has dismissed allegations related to scientific fraud and fabrication, and has supported validity of the discovery and it’s several successful replications. The two remaining Purdue University-based allegations (also apparently trumped up) are not aimed at the science and will take some time to resolve. In tandem, bubble fusion research and subsequent discoveries will continue to take place as these issues are resolved.

Taleyarkhan said “I can’t control the actions of the University in their unfortunate situation of having administrators and attorneys who place themselves ahead of the truth and importance of the science. This could happen to any other faculty member and is a sad precedent for the academic world. I can only move forward and remain positive”.

Upon careful examination by multiple researchers, it was found that UCLA’s computer modeling neglected to add a simple but crucial physical parameter: a ~1-inch piece of ice pack. Used as thermal shielding, this significant component should be placed between the bubble fusion reactor and the neutron detector, as specified for the experiments in the Taleyarkhan et al. 2006 PRL publication. Put simply, neutrons generated from fusion carry a momentum similar to bullets of a certain speed shot from a gun. If one measures fusion neutrons without shielding, the neutrons’ energy should be 2.45 MeV, analogous to the 1,000 fps velocity of bullets fired from a shotgun.

However, if one places a shield composed of steel balls between the gun and the target, some of the bullets will pass through the holes. Others will interact with the steel balls and slow down to various levels depending on the angle of attack, while still others may stick to the balls or create fragments. Consequently, the measured velocity of bullets leaving the shield will range from ~0 to 1,000 fps. The same applies to neutrons flying through a shield composed of water molecules. Neutrons are sub-atomic particles and much smaller than atoms of water. As in the bullet example, the neutrons emerging from the water molecule shield will also have a range of energies, along with other nuclear scale effects. This sort of “neutron” spectrum is deceptively similar to that from a radioisotope like Californium.

The UCLA researchers failed to include the ~1-inch piece of water ice-pack thermal shielding in their model. As a result, this omission and overlooking other aspects of bubble fusion physics has led to the publication of incorrect information in Nature that has been highly damaging to the fusion research industry.

To date, the world has not witnessed a comprehensive three-dimensional study of bubble fusion neutron transport processes.

# # #

Nuclear Engineering Design article reference

(*) Taleyarkhan, R.P., J. Lapinskas, Y. Xu, J. S. Cho, R. C. Block, R. T. Lahey,Jr., and R. I. Nigmatulin. Modeling, analysis and prediction of neutron emission spectra from acoustic cavitation bubble fusion experiments. Nucl.Eng.Des.(2008).doi:10.1016/i.nucengdes.2008.06.007.

In Nuclear Net’s Undoing, a Web of Shadowy Deals

Posted in Nuclear Weapon with tags , , , on September 3, 2008 by indonesiaunderground
Published: August 24, 2008

(Photo : Mian Khursheed/Reuters – Centrifuge casings, removed from Libya, in Oak Ridge, Tenn., in 2004. Some officials credited the Tinners with helping end Libya’s bomb program)

The president of Switzerland stepped to a podium in Bern last May and read a statement confirming rumors that had swirled through the capital for months. The government, he acknowledged, had indeed destroyed a huge trove of computer files and other material documenting the business dealings of a family of Swiss engineers suspected of helping smuggle nuclear technology to Libya and Iran.

The files were of particular interest not only to Swiss prosecutors but to international atomic inspectors working to unwind the activities of Abdul Qadeer Khan, the Pakistani bomb pioneer-turned-nuclear black marketeer. The Swiss engineers, Friedrich Tinner and his two sons, were accused of having deep associations with Dr. Khan, acting as middlemen in his dealings with rogue nations seeking nuclear equipment and expertise.

The Swiss president, Pascal Couchepin, took no questions. But he asserted that the files — which included an array of plans for nuclear arms and technologies, among them a highly sophisticated Pakistani bomb design — had been destroyed so that they would never fall into terrorist hands.

Behind that official explanation, though, is a far more intriguing tale of spies, moles and the compromises that governments make in the name of national security.

The United States had urged that the files be destroyed, according to interviews with five current and former Bush administration officials. The purpose, the officials said, was less to thwart terrorists than to hide evidence of a clandestine relationship between the Tinners and the C.I.A.

Over four years, several of these officials said, operatives of the C.I.A. paid the Tinners as much as $10 million, some of it delivered in a suitcase stuffed with cash. In return, the Tinners delivered a flow of secret information that helped end Libya’s bomb program, reveal Iran’s atomic labors and, ultimately, undo Dr. Khan’s nuclear black market.

In addition, American and European officials said, the Tinners played an important role in a clandestine American operation to funnel sabotaged nuclear equipment to Libya and Iran, a major but little-known element of the efforts to slow their nuclear progress.

The relationship with the Tinners “was very significant,” said Gary S. Samore, who ran the National Security Council’s nonproliferation office when the operation began. “That’s where we got the first indications that Iran had acquired centrifuges,” which enrich uranium for nuclear fuel.

Yet even as American officials describe the relationship as a major intelligence coup, compromises were made. Officials say the C.I.A. feared that a trial would not just reveal the Tinners’ relationship with the United States — and perhaps raise questions about American dealings with atomic smugglers — but would also imperil efforts to recruit new spies at a time of grave concern over Iran’s nuclear program. Destruction of the files, C.I.A. officials suspected, would undermine the case and could set their informants free.

“We were very happy they were destroyed,” a senior intelligence official in Washington said of the files.

But in Europe, there is much consternation. Analysts studying Dr. Khan’s network worry that by destroying the files to prevent their spread, the Swiss government may have obscured the investigative trail. It is unclear who among Dr. Khan’s customers — a list that is known to include Iran, Libya and North Korea but that may extend further — got the illicit material, much of it contained in easily transmitted electronic designs.

The West’s most important questions about the Khan network have been consistently deflected by President Pervez Musharraf of Pakistan, who resigned last Monday. He refused to account for the bomb designs that got away or to let American investigators question Dr. Khan, perhaps the only man to know who else received the atomic blueprints. President Bush, eager for Pakistan’s aid against terrorism, never pressed Mr. Musharraf for answers.

“Maybe that labyrinth held clues to another client or another rogue state,” said a European official angered at the destruction.

The Swiss judge in charge of the Tinner case, Andreas Müller, is not terribly happy either. He said he had no warning of the planned destruction and is now trying to determine what, if anything, remains of the case against Friedrich Tinner and his sons, Urs and Marco.

Some details of the links between the Tinners and American intelligence have been revealed in news reports and in recent books, most notably “The Nuclear Jihadist,” a biography of Dr. Khan by Douglas Frantz and Catherine Collins. But recent interviews in the United States and Europe by The New York Times have provided a fuller portrait of the relationship — especially the involvement of all three Tinners, the large amounts of money they received and the C.I.A.’s extensive efforts on their behalf. Virtually all the officials interviewed spoke on condition of anonymity because they were not authorized to discuss matters that remain classified.

The destroyed evidence, decades of records of the Tinners’ activities, included not only bomb and centrifuge plans but also documents linking the family to the C.I.A., officials said. One contract, a European intelligence official said, described a C.I.A. front company’s agreement to pay the smugglers $1 million for black-market secrets. The front company listed an address three blocks from the White House.

The C.I.A. declined to comment on the Tinner case, but a spokesman, Paul Gimigliano, called the disruption of Dr. Khan’s network “a genuine intelligence success.”

With the evidence files destroyed and a trial in question, it is unlikely that the full story of the Tinners will be told any time soon. If it is, it is unlikely to come from the elder Mr. Tinner.

Approached at his home in Haag, Switzerland, near the Liechtenstein border, Mr. Tinner, 71, was polite but firm in his silence. “I have an agreement not to talk,” he told a reporter.

Beginning a Double Life

An inventor and mechanical engineer, Friedrich Tinner got his start in Swiss companies that make vacuum technology, mazes of pipes, pumps and valves used in many industries. Mr. Tinner received United States patents for his innovative vacuum valves.

By definition, his devices were so-called dual-use products with peacetime or wartime applications. Governments often feel torn between promoting such goods as commercial boons and blocking them as security risks.

As recounted in books and articles and reports by nuclear experts, Mr. Tinner worked with Dr. Khan for three decades, beginning in the mid-1970s. His expertise in vacuum technology aided Dr. Khan’s development of atomic centrifuges, which produced fuel for Pakistan’s nuclear arsenal, now variously estimated at 50 to 100 warheads.

Yet while Mr. Tinner repeatedly drew the attention of European authorities, who questioned the export of potentially dangerous technology, he never faced charges. Mr. Tinner’s involvement with Dr. Khan deepened beginning in the late 1990s, when, joined by his sons, he helped supply centrifuges for Libya’s secret bomb program.

In 2000, American officials said, Urs Tinner was recruited by the C.I.A., and American officials were elated. Spy satellites can be fooled. Documents can lie. Electronic taps can mislead. But a well-placed mole can work quietly behind the scenes to get at the truth.

For instance, the United States had gathered circumstantial evidence that Iran wanted an atom bomb. Suddenly it had a direct view into clandestine Iranian procurement of centrifuges and other important nuclear items.

“It was a confirmation,” recalled Dr. Samore, the former national security official who is now director of studies at the Council on Foreign Relations. “That was much more significant than Libya,” because that country’s atomic program was in its infancy whereas Iran’s was rushing toward maturity.

Despite considerable income from their illicit trade, the Tinners had money problems, a European intelligence official said. Eventually, Urs Tinner persuaded his father and younger brother to join him as moles, and they began double lives, supplying Dr. Khan with precision manufacturing gear and helping run a centrifuge plant in Malaysia even as their cooperation with the United States deepened.

At the time, Washington was stepping up efforts to penetrate Libya’s bomb program. In early 2003, the European official said, the Tinners and C.I.A. agents met at a hotel in Innsbruck, Austria, to discuss cooperative terms. Several months later, in Jenins, a Swiss mountain village, Marco Tinner signed a contract dated June 21, 2003, with two C.I.A. agents, the official said.

The contract outlined the sale of rights that the Tinners held for manufacturing vacuum gear, and of proprietary information about the devices. In exchange, $1 million would be paid to Traco Group International, a front company Marco Tinner had established in Road Town, the capital of the British Virgin Islands, on the island of Tortola.

In the contract, according to the European intelligence official, the two C.I.A. agents used cover names — W. James Kinsman and Sean D. Mahaffey — and identified their employer as Big Black River Technologies Inc. In military and intelligence work, “black” means clandestine. In the contract, Black River gave an address on I Street in Washington, the intelligence official said. But no business directory lists the company, and employees in the mailroom at the address said they had no records for a company of that name.

Four months after the signing of the contract, American and European authorities seized cargoes of centrifuge parts bound for Libya. “The Tinners were a source,” a former Bush administration official said.

Two other officials credited the Tinners with helping end the Libyan bomb program. In Libya, investigators found the rudiments of a centrifuge plant and a blueprint for a basic atom bomb, courtesy of Dr. Khan’s network. The Bush administration celebrated Libya’s abandonment as a breakthrough in arms control.

But the secret lives of the Tinners began to unravel. The Malaysian police issued a report naming them as central members of Dr. Khan’s network. An official of VP Bank Ltd., Traco’s business agent in the Virgin Islands, said it ended that relationship in early 2004, when Marco Tinner was exposed.

Under growing pressure, Dr. Khan confessed. His clients turned out to include not only Libya but Iran and North Korea, and his collaborators turned out to be legion.

“We will find you,” Mr. Bush said in February 2004 of Dr. Khan’s associates, “and we’re not going to rest until you are stopped.”

Acts of Sabotage

After the Tinners were arrested, Swiss and other European authorities began to scrutinize their confiscated files and to conduct wide inquiries. European investigators discovered not only that the Tinners had spied for Washington, but that the men and their insider information had helped the C.I.A. sabotage atomic gear bound for Libya and Iran. A former American official confirmed the disruptions, saying the technical architect of the operation was “a mad-scientist type” who took pleasure in devising dirty tricks.

An American intelligence official, while refusing to discuss specifics of the sabotage operation or the Tinners’ relationship with the C.I.A., said efforts to cripple equipment headed to rogue nuclear states “buy us some time and space.” With Iran presumably racing for the capability to build a bomb, he added, “that may be the best we can hope for.”

The sabotage first came to light, diplomats and officials said, when inspectors from the International Atomic Energy Agency traveled to Iran and Libya in 2003 and 2004 and discovered identical vacuum pumps that had been damaged cleverly so that they looked perfectly fine but failed to operate properly. They traced the route of the defective parts from Pfeiffer Vacuum in Germany to the Los Alamos National Laboratory in New Mexico, the birthplace of the bomb. There, according to a European official who studied the case, nuclear experts had made sure the pumps “wouldn’t work.”

A more serious disruption involved a power supply shipped to Iran from Turkey, where Dr. Khan’s network did business with two makers of industrial control equipment.

The Iranians installed the power supply at their uranium enrichment plant at Natanz. But in early 2006, it failed, causing 50 centrifuges to explode — a serious, if temporary, setback to Iran’s efforts to master the manufacture of nuclear fuel, the hardest part of building a bomb. (Iran says its nuclear efforts are for electricity, not weapons.)

Gholamreza Aghazadeh, the head of the Iranian Atomic Energy Organization, told a reporter last year that Iranian investigators found that the power supply had been manipulated.

After the episode, he added, “we checked all the imported instruments.”

Discussions With Washington

In 2005, Swiss authorities began asking the United States for help in the Tinner case. Among other things, they wanted information about the Libyan centrifuge program to press charges of criminal export violations. For more than a year, the Swiss made repeated requests. Washington ignored them.

“Its lack of assistance needlessly complicates this important investigation,” David Albright, of the Institute for Science and International Security, a private group in Washington, told Congress in May 2006. Mr. Albright said he had helped Swiss prosecutors write to the State Department.

The Swiss turned to the I.A.E.A. for help in assessing the Tinner cache. European officials said the agency was surprised to find multiple warhead plans and judged that most had originated in Pakistan. The country denied that Dr. Khan had access to nuclear weapon designs and questioned the agency’s conclusions.

In late July 2007, according to Swiss federal statements, the justice minister, Christoph Blocher, flew to Washington for talks with Mike McConnell, the director of national intelligence; Alberto R. Gonzales, then the attorney general; and Robert S. Mueller III, the F.B.I. director.

Officially, the statements said, the main topic was “cooperation in the criminal prosecution of terrorist activities.” But the real agenda was what to do about the Tinners.

A former Bush administration official said different government agencies had differing views of the case. The State Department wanted the bomb plans destroyed as a way to stem nuclear proliferation, while the C.I.A. wanted to protect its methods for combating illicit nuclear trade.

The C.I.A. also wanted to help the Tinners. “If a key source is prosecuted,” a former senior official involved in the case said, “what message does that send when you try to recruit other informants?”

American officials discussed a range of possible outcomes with the Swiss and expressed their clear preferences. The best result, they said, would be turning over the family’s materials to the United States. Acceptable would be destroying them. Worst, according to the former administration official, would have been making them public in a criminal trial, where defense lawyers would have probably exposed as much American involvement as possible in hopes of getting their clients off the hook.

A Furor Over Destroyed Files

Last March, Mr. Müller became the examining magistrate in the Tinner case, charged with assessing if a trial was warranted. Soon after, he was quoted as saying the evidence files contained “obvious holes.” Sketchy reports of deleted computer files and shredded documents had been circulating, but he was the first identified official to hint at a widespread destruction. Then, on May 23, the Swiss president, Mr. Couchepin, revealed that Switzerland had begun a series of extraordinary actions just days after Mr. Blocher, the justice minister, returned from Washington.

Swiss citizens are prohibited from aiding foreign spies. But in his statement, the president said that in late August 2007, the government canceled a criminal case against the Tinners for suspicions of aiding a foreign government. Though unmentioned, the C.I.A. seemed to peer out from his statement.

On Nov. 14, his statement continued, the government decided to destroy “the comprehensive holding of the electronic files and documents” seized from the Tinners. The most dangerous items, the president said, included “detailed construction plans for nuclear weapons, for gas ultracentrifuges for the enrichment of weapons-grade uranium, as well as for guided missile delivery systems.” International atomic inspectors, he added, supervised the destruction.

Mr. Couchepin said keeping the documents “was incompatible with Switzerland’s obligations” under the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty and added, “Under all circumstances, this information was not to reach the hands of a terrorist organization or an unauthorized state.”

The statement provoked a political furor. Some politicians and columnists accused Switzerland of surrendering to Washington’s agenda and violating Swiss neutrality. Among the strongest critics was Dick Marty, a prominent Swiss senator. “We could have respected the treaty by avoiding their publication and putting them under lock and key,” he was quoted as saying on Swissinfo, the Web site of the Swiss Broadcasting Corporation. Destroying them, he added, “ could lead to the collapse of the legal case.”

Many European officials dismissed the government’s arguments about terrorists and rogue states as empty.

“If they had kept the material in federal possession for years, why not keep holding it?” asked Victor Mauer, a senior official at the Center for Security Studies of the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology. “Their explanation is not convincing.”

An Action’s Repercussions

In an interview, a senior European diplomat familiar with the I.A.E.A. said the destruction could have repercussions far beyond the criminal case.

For one thing, he said, the international atomic agency had been allowed to examine only parts of the archive. He called it “a good sample” and judged that the agency had missed no significant clues. Even so, he said, the agency might “come to regret” its inability to examine the materials further for insights into hidden remnants of Dr. Khan’s network.

And while the Swiss president made much of the proliferation danger, the diplomat insisted that the warhead designs were in many respects sketchy and incomplete. “These are almost like studies — bits and pieces,” he said, adding that they “wouldn’t be enough to let you build a replica.”

So while they might have little or no value for a terrorist with no atomic experience, the plans might prove quite helpful for an ambitious state intent on building a nuclear arsenal. He said the agency had no evidence that Iran had acquired the bomb plans.

The diplomat added that the Swiss had “lots of possibilities” other than destruction. He said they had no legal obligation to destroy the files under the nonproliferation treaty, and could have put them under I.A.E.A. seal in Vienna or Switzerland.

Several European officials speculated that Washington might actually have kept secret copies of the archive. A senior American official said the United States had reviewed the material but declined to say if there were copies.

As for the Tinners, the father was released in 2006, pending legal action. In a brief interview at his home, Mr. Tinner pleaded ignorance about basic aspects of the criminal case, such as where the authorities kept the materials that had belonged to him and his sons. “The newspapers know more about these things than I do,” he insisted.

Should the case fall apart, the Tinners would join a growing list of freed associates of Dr. Khan. In June, Malaysia released the network’s chief operating officer, B. S. A. Tahir, saying he was no longer a national security threat. The authorities have kept the Tinner brothers in jail for fear that they might flee the country. In late May, a Swiss court rejected their bail application, and early this month, the ruling was upheld. But the judges also told the authorities that they could not hold the brothers indefinitely without charging them.

With much of the evidence gone, the magistrate, Mr. Müller, expressed frustration at finding “no answers to the really interesting questions in this case.” He declined to predict how it might turn out.

“At the moment,” he said, “it is impossible to make any schedule, since the case is in many aspects extraordinary.”

(source : The New York TImes)

North Korea Threatens to Restore Plutonium Plant

Posted in Nuclear Weapon with tags , , , , , on September 3, 2008 by indonesiaunderground
Published: August 26, 2008
SEOUL, South Korea — North Korea said Tuesday that it had stopped disabling its main nuclear complex and threatened to restore facilities there that the North had used to produce plutonium for nuclear weapons unless the United States removed it from a terrorist list.
or months, United States experts and North Korean engineers have been disabling key facilities at the complex at Yongbyon, north of Pyongyang, the capital, in a move that temporarily shut down the North’s only known source of plutonium.If North Korea rebuilds the facilities in defiance of the United States and a coalition of major powers that have sought to disarm North Korea, it would nullify a major foreign policy achievement of the Bush administration.

North Korea often issues strident warnings as a negotiating tactic but the latest declaration still dimmed the administration’s hopes of achieving a breakthrough in the North’s nuclear disarmament before President Bush leaves office in January.

The State Department described the announcement as a “step backward.”

“This certainly is in violation of their commitments to the six-party framework,” a State Department spokesman, Robert Wood, told reporters, according to Reuters.

North Korea accused Washington of not keeping its promise to take North Korea off a terrorism blacklist. The United States wants North Korea to agree to a comprehensive method of checking whether it withheld information in a report on its past nuclear activities before it removes North Korea from the list.

A White House spokesman, Tony Fratto, said North Korea had informed Washington that it had halted its work at the plant temporarily. “We’ve informed North Korea that we will take action to rescind its designation when it fulfills its commitment regarding verification,” he said.

The state-run news agency, KCNA, quoted a North Korean Foreign Ministry spokesman as saying: “We have decided to immediately suspend disabling our nuclear facilities. This measure has been effective on Aug. 14, and related parties have been notified of it.”

Work started at Yongbyon late last year to disable a nuclear reactor, a factory that produces fuel for the reactor and a laboratory that can extract plutonium from spent fuel rods. North Korea demolished the reactor’s cooling tower in June.

It would take at least a year to restart the disabled facilities, experts said.

Disabling the complex does not meet Washington’s ultimate goal of dismantling it. The United States wants full access by inspectors to all locations it suspects of being nuclear sites to ensure that there are no hidden nuclear assets.

The North bristled at this demand. “The U.S. is gravely mistaken if it thinks it can make a house search in our country as it pleases, just as it did in Iraq,” the North Korean spokesman said.

He said North Korea was still technically at war with the United States because the 1950-53 Korean War had ended only in a cease-fire. He added that asking the North to give up its nuclear programs while it was not allowed similar inspections in South Korea, to make sure that there are no American nuclear weapons there, amounted to “a gangster’s demand.”

North Korea has sought for years to be removed from a list of state sponsors of terrorism.

Neil A. Lewis contributed reporting from Washington.

(source : the new york times)