Archive for israeli troops

Siapa Benjamin Netanyahu?

Posted in Israel with tags , , , , , , , , on November 17, 2011 by indonesiaunderground

BenjaminBibiNetanyahu (Templat:Bahasa Ibrani Binyamin Netanyahu; lahir di Tel Aviv, Israel, 21 Oktober 1949; umur 62 tahun) adalah Perdana Menteri Israel. Ia menjabat juga sebagai Ketua Partai Likud, sebagai anggota Knesset, sebagai Menteri Kesehatan Israel, sebagai Menteri Urusan Pensiunan Israel, dan sebagai Strategi Ekonomi Menteri Israel.

Netanyahu adalah menteri pertama dan satu-satunya Perdana Menteri Israel yang lahir di Israel setelah fondasi Negara Israel. Netanyahu bergabung dengan Angkatan Pertahanan Israel pada tahun 1967 di mana ia menjabat sebagai komandan di unit komando elit yaitu Sayeret Matkal, mengambil bagian dalam berbagai misi termasuk misi penyelamatan sandera dari Sabena Penerbangan 571 dibajak pada tahun 1972 (kebetulan di bawah pimpinan Ehud Barak). Dia berjuang di Perang Yom Kippur pada tahun 1973 dan mencapai pangkat kapten sebelum habis. Netanyahu menjabat sebagai Duta Besar Israel untuk Perserikatan Bangsa-bangsa 1984-1988, anggota Partai Likud, dan Perdana Menteri dari bulan Juni 1996 sampai Juli 1999. Netanyahu Menteri Luar Negeri (2002-2003) dan Menteri Keuangan (2003-Agustus 2005) di pemerintah Ariel Sharon, tapi ia berangkat dari perbedaan pendapat mengenai rencana perpisahan jalur Gaza. Dia merebut kembali kepemimpinan Likud pada tanggal 20 Desember 2005. [1] Pada pemilu 2006, Likud tidak buruk, memenangkan dua belas kursi. Pada bulan Desember 2006, Netanyahu menjadi pejabat Pemimpin Oposisi di Knesset dan Ketua Partai Likud. Pada bulan Agustus 2007, ia mempertahankan kepemimpinan Likud dengan mengalahkan Moshe Feiglin dalam pemilihan partai. Setelah pemilihan parlemen 10 Februari 2009, dimana Likud ditempatkan pihak kedua dan sayap kanan memenangkan mayoritas, Netanyahu membentuk pemerintahan koalisi. Dia adalah saudara Komandan Pasukan Khusus Israel Yonatan Netanyahu, yang meninggal selama misi penyelamatan sandera, dan Ido Netanyahu, seorang penulis Israel dan dramawan.

Pada tahun 2010, majalah Inggris New Statesman terdaftar Benjamin Netanyahu di 11 dalam daftar “50 Dunia Angka Paling Berpengaruh 2010”.

Latar Belakang Keluarga

Benjamin ialah putra Zila dan Ben-Zion Netanyahu (nama aslinya Milikowsky). Sanak keluarga Netanyahu berasal dari Lituania. Ben-Zion ialah profesor Sejarah Yahudi dan mantan editor Hebrew Encyclopedia (Ensiklopedi Ibrani), dan bekas pembantu senior dari Zeev Jabotinsky. Kakaknya Yonatan ialah militer yang terbunuh pada Operasi Entebbe pada 1976. Adiknya Iddo ialah radiolog dan penulis. Ketiga bersaudara ini pernah berdinas di satuan pengintai Sayeret Matkal.

Ketika ia berusia 14 tahun, keluarganya pindah ke Amerika Serikat dan menetap di Cheltenham Township, Pennsylvania, sebuah daerah pinggiran kota Philadelphia. Ia lulus dari SMA Cheltenham. Ia memiliki gelar B.Sc dalam Arsitektur dari Institut Teknologi Massachusetts, dan MBA dari MIT Sloan School of Management. Ia juga pernah belajar ilmu politik di Harvard dan MIT. Setelah sekolah pasca-sarjana, Netanyahu kembali ke Israel. Netanyahu mempunyai seorang anak perempuan, Noa, dari pernikahannya yang pertama dengan Micki Weizman. Pernikahan Netanyahu uang kedua adalah dengan Fleur Cates, yang berpindah menjadi pemeluk Yudaisme karena hanya ayahnya yang Yahudi. Kini ia beristrikan Sarah, istrinya yang ketiga, dan dari dia ia memperoleh dua orang anak yaitu Yair and Avner.

Setelah terjun sebentar di dunia bisnis, Netanyahu diangkat menjadi Wakil Kepala Misi dari Kedutaan Besar Israel di Washington, D.C. pada 1982. Kemudian ia diangkat menjadi duta besar Israel untuk Amerika Serikat, dari 1984 hingga 1988. Ia terpilih menjadi anggota Knesset pada 1988 dan duduk di pemerintahan yang dipimpin oleh Yitzhak Shamir dari 1988 hingga 1992. Shamir pensiun dari politik tak lama setelah kekalahan Likud dalam pemilu 1992. Pada 1993, untuk pertama kalinya partai ini mengadakan pemilihan pendahuluan untuk memilih pemimpinnya, dan Netanyahu menang setelah mengalahkan Binyamin Ze’ev Begin, anak almarhum PM Menachem Begin, dan politikus veteran David Levy. (Ariel Sharon mula-mula juga ikut memperebutkan kepemimpinan Likud, namun segera mengundurkan diri ketika jelas bahwa ia akan mendapatkan dukungan yang sangat kecil.)

Perdana Menteri

Netanyahu dipilih pada 1996 setelah gelombang aksi jihad pejuang Palestina menyerang warga sipil Israel. Shimon Peres-yang didukung di TPS-tak bisa menghentikannya dan kepercayaan publik padanya merosot dengan cepat Pada 3 dan 4 Maret 1996, pejuang Palestina mengadakan 2 serangan aksi jihad yang mematikan dan membunuh 32 warga Israel. Kedua serangan itu ialah katalisator utama dalam kejatuhan Peres, yang akhirnya melenyapkan hak pilih karena ketidakmampuannya menghentikan aksi jihad melawan orang-orang Israel. Tak seperti Peres, Netanyahu tak percaya pada ‘jasa baik’ Yasser Arafat dan memelihara kemajuan proses perdamaian terhadap Otoritas Palestina memenuhi kewajibannya-terutama melawan pejuang Palestina. Slogan kampanyenya ialah “Netanyahu-menjaga Perdamaian”.

Sering pemerintahan yang baru mengabaikan yang telah menjadi keputusan pemerintahan sebelumnya. Begitu juga Netanyahu yang berasal dari garis keras Israel ini. Perdamaian yang telah dirintis pendahulunya Yitzhak Rabin dan Shimon Peres diabaikan begitu saja. Sebagai contoh, menurut hasil kesepakatan Perjanjian Oslo, pasukan Israel mesti ditarik dari sejumlah daerah pendudukannya. Namun, sampai beberapa tahun, hal itu tak direalisasikan akibat pergantian pemerintahan.

Sebagai PM ia berunding dengan Yasser Arafat pada forum Persetujuan Wye, namun banyak pernyataan ia mencoba mematikan banyak kemajuan. Pendekatan Netanyahu untuk perundingan perdamaian terkenal dengan:

“Jika mereka akan memberi – mereka akan menerima. Jika mereka takkan memberi – mereka takkan menerima”.
“יתנו – יקבלו. לא יתנו – לא יקבלו”

Tiada kemajuan dalam pembicaraan perdamaian dengan orang-orang Palestina dan Netanyahu gagal mewujudkan langkah yang disetujui atas Persetujuan Oslo. Pada 1996, Netanyahu dan walikota Yerusalem Ehud Olmert memutukan membuka keluaran Tembok Barat. Ini meletuskan 3 hari pergolakan dari orang-orang Palestina, mengakibatkan lebih dari selusin warga Israel dan ribuan warga Palestina terbunuh.

Walaupun ia berprogram melawan ‘terorisme’, Netanyahu dibenci kebanyakan elit dan media massa yang dikenal dengan sayap kiri Israel. Setelah serentetan skandal yang panjang (termasuk gosip tentang istrinya) dan pengusutan membuka perlawanan padanya dalam tuduhan korupsi, Netanyahu kehilangan dukungan dari publik Israel.

Setelah dikalahkan Ehud Barak pada Pemilu Israel 1999, secara temporer Netanyahu beristirahat dari politik.

Pada 2002 setelah Partai Buruh Israel meninggalkan kekuasaan dan mengosongkan jabatan Menlu, PM Ariel Sharon mengangkat Netanyahu sebagai Menteri Keuangan. Netanyahu meragukan Sharon pada kepemimpinan dalam partai Likud tetapi gagal memecat Sharon. Setelah pemilihan 2003, Netanyahu menerima jabatan Menteri Keuangan dalam koalisi terbaru bentukan Sharon. Netanyahu tak sekarang mendukung konsep negara Palestina di masa depan, meski pada 2 kesempatan di tahun 2001, ia menunjukkan keinginannya mempertimbangkan gagasan “Komite Sentral Likud Menolak Negara Palestina” (Haaretz Daily, 13 Mei 2002).

Sebagai Menteri Keuangan, Netanyahu menjalankan rencana ekonomi yang hebat untuk memperbaiki ekonomi Israel dari keterpurukannya selama Intifadah al Aqsa. Rencana itu meliputi langkah terhadap pasar bebas, walau telah dilihat banyak lawannya kontroversial.

Pada 7 Agustus 2005, Netanyahu mengundurkan diri sebagai Menteri Keuangan dalam protes terhadap rencana penarikan Israel dari Jalur Gaza dan digantikan oleh Ehud Olmert.

Menyusul penarikan Ariel Sharon dari Likud, Netanyahu ialah salah satu calon yang mengincar jabatan kepemimpinan. Percobaan terbarunya sebelum ini ialah pada September 2005 saat ia mencoba memegang lebih awal untuk kedudukan ketua Partai Likud position, sedangkan partai ini masih berkuasa dalam kancah perpolitikan Israel- lalu secara efektif mendepak Ariel Sharon dari jabatannya. Partai ini menolak usul itu. Netanyahu mengambil kembali kepemimpinan pada 20 Desember dengan 47% suara.

Sumber : wikipedia, dan berbagai sumber.

Advertisements

Israeli Troops Mass Along Border; Arab Anger Rises

Posted in Israel, Palestine with tags , , , , , , , , , , on December 29, 2008 by indonesiaunderground

Published: December 28, 2008

GAZA — Israeli troops and tanks massed along the Gaza border and the government said it had called up reserves for a possible ground operation, as the death toll increased to nearly 300 after Israeli aircraft pounded Gaza for a second day on Sunday.

The continued strikes, which Israel said were in retaliation for sustained rocket fire from Gaza into its territory, unleashed a furious reaction across the Arab world, raising fears of greater instability in the region.

Much of the anger was also directed at Egypt, seen by Hamas and some nearby governments as having acceded to Israel’s military action by sealing its border with Gaza and forcing back many Palestinians at gunpoint who were trying to escape the destruction.

Witnesses at the Rafah border crossing described a chaotic scene as young men tried to force their way across into Egypt, amid sporadic exchanges of gunfire between Hamas and Egyptian forces. Egyptian state television reported that one Egyptian border guard was killed by a Hamas gunman. A Palestinian man was killed by an Egyptian guard near Rafah, Reuters reported.

In Gaza, officials said medical services, stretched to the breaking point after 18 months of Israeli sanctions, were on the verge of collapse as they struggled to care for the more than 600 people wounded in two days.

At Shifa Hospital in Gaza City, women wailed as they searched for relatives among bodies that lay strewn on the hospital floor. One doctor said that given the dearth of facilities, not much could be done for the seriously wounded, and that it was “better to be brought in dead.”

The International Committee of the Red Cross appealed on Sunday for urgent humanitarian assistance, including medical supplies, to be allowed to enter Gaza. Israeli officials said that some aid had been allowed in through one of the crossings. Egypt temporarily opened the Rafah crossing on Saturday to allow some of the wounded to be taken to Egyptian hospitals.

Israel made a strong push to justify the attacks, saying it was forced into military action to defend its citizens. At the same time, the supreme religious leader of Iran and the leader of Hezbollah expressed strong support for Hamas.

Across Gaza, families huddled indoors as Israeli jets streaked overhead. Residents said that there were long blackouts and that they had no cooking gas. Some ventured out to receive bread rations at bakeries or to brave the streets to claim their dead at the hospitals. There were few mass funerals; rather, families buried the victims in small ceremonies.

At dusk on Sunday, Israeli fighter jets bombed over 40 tunnels along Gaza’s border with Egypt. The Israeli military said that the tunnels, on the Gaza side of the border, were used for smuggling weapons, explosives and fugitives. Gazans also use many of them to import consumer goods and fuel in order to get around the Israeli-imposed economic blockade.

In the first two days of the operation Israeli jets destroyed at least 30 targets in Gaza, including the main security compound and prison in Gaza City known as the Saraya, metal workshops throughout Gaza that were suspected of manufacturing rockets, and Hamas military posts.

Hamas said Israel bombed a government ministry compound and the Islamic University in Gaza, a stronghold of Hamas, late Sunday night. The Hamas-owned television station Al Aqsa was also struck, as was a mosque that the Israeli military said was being used as a terrorist base.

On Monday, Israeli warplanes bombed the Hamas-run Interior Ministry, Reuters reported, based on a Hamas statement.

Israel appeared to be settling in for a longer haul. The government on Sunday approved the emergency call-up of thousands of army reservists in preparation for a possible ground operation as Israeli troops, tanks, armored personnel carriers and armored bulldozers massed at the border.

Speaking before the weekly cabinet meeting in Jerusalem, Israel’s defense minister, Ehud Barak, said the army “will deepen and broaden its actions as needed” and “will continue to act.” Prime Minister Ehud Olmert said Israel’s goal was not to reoccupy Gaza, which it left unilaterally in 2005, but to “restore normal life and quiet to residents of the south” of Israel.

Tzipi Livni, Israel’s foreign minister, appeared on American talk shows to press Israel’s case. She said on “Fox News Sunday” that the operation “is needed in order to change the realities on the ground, and to give peace and quiet to the citizens in southern Israel.”

Militants in Gaza fired barrages of rockets and mortar shells the farthest yet into Israel on Sunday. One rocket fell in Gan Yavneh, a village near the major port city of Ashdod, almost 20 miles north of Gaza. Two landed in the coastal city of Ashkelon. Several Israelis were wounded.

Fawzi Barhoum, a spokesman for Hamas, told reporters that Israel had started a “war” but that it would not be able to choose how it would end. He called for revenge in the form of strikes reaching “deep into the Zionist entity using all means,” including suicide attacks.

The hundreds of thousands of Israeli citizens now within rocket range have been instructed by the authorities to stay close to protected spaces.

In Lebanon, the leader of the Shiite militant group Hezbollah, Sheik Hassan Nasrallah, put his fighters on alert, expressing strong support for Hamas and saying that he believed Israel might try to wage a two-front war, as it did in 2006. He called for a mass demonstration in Beirut on Monday. And he, too, denounced Egypt’s leaders. “If you don’t open the borders, you are accomplices in the killing,” he said in a televised speech.

Iran’s supreme religious leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, condemned the silence of some Arab countries, which he said had prepared the grounds for the “catastrophe,” an Iranian news agency, ISNA, reported.

“The horrible crime of the Zionist regime in Gaza has once again revealed the bloodthirsty face of this regime from disguise,” he said in a statement. “But worse than this catastrophe is the encouraging silence of some Arab countries who claim to be Muslim,” he said, apparently in a reference to Egypt and Jordan.

Egypt has mediated talks between Israel and the Palestinians and between Hamas and Hamas’s rival, Fatah, leaving it open to criticism that it is too willing to work with Israel. In turn, Egypt and other Western-allied Sunni Arab nations are deeply opposed to Hezbollah and Hamas, which they see as extensions of Iran, their Shiite nemesis.

Across the region, the Israeli strikes were being broadcast in grisly detail almost continually on Arab satellite networks.

In the Syrian capital, Damascus, a large group of protesters marched to Yusuf al Azmeh Square, where they chanted slogans and burned Israeli and American flags.

In Beirut, protesters were bused to a rally outside the United Nations building, holding up Palestinian flags and Hamas banners. Muhammad Mazen Ibrahim, a 25-year-old Palestinian who lives in one of the refugee camps here, choked up when asked about the assault on Gaza.

“There’s an agreement between Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Jordan and Israel against Hamas,” he said. “They want to end them; all the countries are in league against Hamas, but God willing, we will win.”

That sentiment is widespread here. Many see Ms. Livni’s visit to Cairo last week as evidence that Egypt, eager to be rid of Hamas, had consented to the airstrikes.

The anger echoes what happened in July 2006, when the leaders of Saudi Arabia and Egypt publicly blamed Hezbollah for starting the conflict with Israel. Popular rage against Israel soon forced the leaders to change their positions.

Hamas, sworn to the destruction of Israel, took control of Gaza when it ousted Fatah last year. An Egyptian-brokered six-month truce between Israel and Hamas, always shaky, began to unravel in early November. It expired 10 days ago.

Smoke rose at the site of an Israeli missile strike in the Rafah refugee camp in southern Gaza Strip. (Photo: Eyad Baba/Associated Press)
A family fled the scene of a missile strike at Rafah. Over the past two days, Israeli jets have destroyed at least 30 targets in Gaza. (Photo: Hatem Omar/MaanImages, via Associated Press)
The body of a Hamas security officer in a destroyed building. Across Gaza, families huddled indoors as Israeli jets streaked overhead. (Photo: Fadi Adwan/Associated Press)

Edi Israel/European Pressphoto Agency – Plumes of dark smoke rose from Gaza City during the Israeli airstrike

Suhaib Salem/Reuters – Palestinians evacuated a wounded man after an Israeli air strike on Hamas compounds in Gaza on Saturday

Hatem Omar/Associated Press – An injured Palestinian was helped from the rubble after an Israeli airstrike struck Rafah in the Gaza Strip on Saturday

Source : The New York Times