Archive for September 3, 2008

In Nuclear Net’s Undoing, a Web of Shadowy Deals

Posted in Nuclear Weapon with tags , , , on September 3, 2008 by indonesiaunderground
Published: August 24, 2008

(Photo : Mian Khursheed/Reuters – Centrifuge casings, removed from Libya, in Oak Ridge, Tenn., in 2004. Some officials credited the Tinners with helping end Libya’s bomb program)

The president of Switzerland stepped to a podium in Bern last May and read a statement confirming rumors that had swirled through the capital for months. The government, he acknowledged, had indeed destroyed a huge trove of computer files and other material documenting the business dealings of a family of Swiss engineers suspected of helping smuggle nuclear technology to Libya and Iran.

The files were of particular interest not only to Swiss prosecutors but to international atomic inspectors working to unwind the activities of Abdul Qadeer Khan, the Pakistani bomb pioneer-turned-nuclear black marketeer. The Swiss engineers, Friedrich Tinner and his two sons, were accused of having deep associations with Dr. Khan, acting as middlemen in his dealings with rogue nations seeking nuclear equipment and expertise.

The Swiss president, Pascal Couchepin, took no questions. But he asserted that the files — which included an array of plans for nuclear arms and technologies, among them a highly sophisticated Pakistani bomb design — had been destroyed so that they would never fall into terrorist hands.

Behind that official explanation, though, is a far more intriguing tale of spies, moles and the compromises that governments make in the name of national security.

The United States had urged that the files be destroyed, according to interviews with five current and former Bush administration officials. The purpose, the officials said, was less to thwart terrorists than to hide evidence of a clandestine relationship between the Tinners and the C.I.A.

Over four years, several of these officials said, operatives of the C.I.A. paid the Tinners as much as $10 million, some of it delivered in a suitcase stuffed with cash. In return, the Tinners delivered a flow of secret information that helped end Libya’s bomb program, reveal Iran’s atomic labors and, ultimately, undo Dr. Khan’s nuclear black market.

In addition, American and European officials said, the Tinners played an important role in a clandestine American operation to funnel sabotaged nuclear equipment to Libya and Iran, a major but little-known element of the efforts to slow their nuclear progress.

The relationship with the Tinners “was very significant,” said Gary S. Samore, who ran the National Security Council’s nonproliferation office when the operation began. “That’s where we got the first indications that Iran had acquired centrifuges,” which enrich uranium for nuclear fuel.

Yet even as American officials describe the relationship as a major intelligence coup, compromises were made. Officials say the C.I.A. feared that a trial would not just reveal the Tinners’ relationship with the United States — and perhaps raise questions about American dealings with atomic smugglers — but would also imperil efforts to recruit new spies at a time of grave concern over Iran’s nuclear program. Destruction of the files, C.I.A. officials suspected, would undermine the case and could set their informants free.

“We were very happy they were destroyed,” a senior intelligence official in Washington said of the files.

But in Europe, there is much consternation. Analysts studying Dr. Khan’s network worry that by destroying the files to prevent their spread, the Swiss government may have obscured the investigative trail. It is unclear who among Dr. Khan’s customers — a list that is known to include Iran, Libya and North Korea but that may extend further — got the illicit material, much of it contained in easily transmitted electronic designs.

The West’s most important questions about the Khan network have been consistently deflected by President Pervez Musharraf of Pakistan, who resigned last Monday. He refused to account for the bomb designs that got away or to let American investigators question Dr. Khan, perhaps the only man to know who else received the atomic blueprints. President Bush, eager for Pakistan’s aid against terrorism, never pressed Mr. Musharraf for answers.

“Maybe that labyrinth held clues to another client or another rogue state,” said a European official angered at the destruction.

The Swiss judge in charge of the Tinner case, Andreas Müller, is not terribly happy either. He said he had no warning of the planned destruction and is now trying to determine what, if anything, remains of the case against Friedrich Tinner and his sons, Urs and Marco.

Some details of the links between the Tinners and American intelligence have been revealed in news reports and in recent books, most notably “The Nuclear Jihadist,” a biography of Dr. Khan by Douglas Frantz and Catherine Collins. But recent interviews in the United States and Europe by The New York Times have provided a fuller portrait of the relationship — especially the involvement of all three Tinners, the large amounts of money they received and the C.I.A.’s extensive efforts on their behalf. Virtually all the officials interviewed spoke on condition of anonymity because they were not authorized to discuss matters that remain classified.

The destroyed evidence, decades of records of the Tinners’ activities, included not only bomb and centrifuge plans but also documents linking the family to the C.I.A., officials said. One contract, a European intelligence official said, described a C.I.A. front company’s agreement to pay the smugglers $1 million for black-market secrets. The front company listed an address three blocks from the White House.

The C.I.A. declined to comment on the Tinner case, but a spokesman, Paul Gimigliano, called the disruption of Dr. Khan’s network “a genuine intelligence success.”

With the evidence files destroyed and a trial in question, it is unlikely that the full story of the Tinners will be told any time soon. If it is, it is unlikely to come from the elder Mr. Tinner.

Approached at his home in Haag, Switzerland, near the Liechtenstein border, Mr. Tinner, 71, was polite but firm in his silence. “I have an agreement not to talk,” he told a reporter.

Beginning a Double Life

An inventor and mechanical engineer, Friedrich Tinner got his start in Swiss companies that make vacuum technology, mazes of pipes, pumps and valves used in many industries. Mr. Tinner received United States patents for his innovative vacuum valves.

By definition, his devices were so-called dual-use products with peacetime or wartime applications. Governments often feel torn between promoting such goods as commercial boons and blocking them as security risks.

As recounted in books and articles and reports by nuclear experts, Mr. Tinner worked with Dr. Khan for three decades, beginning in the mid-1970s. His expertise in vacuum technology aided Dr. Khan’s development of atomic centrifuges, which produced fuel for Pakistan’s nuclear arsenal, now variously estimated at 50 to 100 warheads.

Yet while Mr. Tinner repeatedly drew the attention of European authorities, who questioned the export of potentially dangerous technology, he never faced charges. Mr. Tinner’s involvement with Dr. Khan deepened beginning in the late 1990s, when, joined by his sons, he helped supply centrifuges for Libya’s secret bomb program.

In 2000, American officials said, Urs Tinner was recruited by the C.I.A., and American officials were elated. Spy satellites can be fooled. Documents can lie. Electronic taps can mislead. But a well-placed mole can work quietly behind the scenes to get at the truth.

For instance, the United States had gathered circumstantial evidence that Iran wanted an atom bomb. Suddenly it had a direct view into clandestine Iranian procurement of centrifuges and other important nuclear items.

“It was a confirmation,” recalled Dr. Samore, the former national security official who is now director of studies at the Council on Foreign Relations. “That was much more significant than Libya,” because that country’s atomic program was in its infancy whereas Iran’s was rushing toward maturity.

Despite considerable income from their illicit trade, the Tinners had money problems, a European intelligence official said. Eventually, Urs Tinner persuaded his father and younger brother to join him as moles, and they began double lives, supplying Dr. Khan with precision manufacturing gear and helping run a centrifuge plant in Malaysia even as their cooperation with the United States deepened.

At the time, Washington was stepping up efforts to penetrate Libya’s bomb program. In early 2003, the European official said, the Tinners and C.I.A. agents met at a hotel in Innsbruck, Austria, to discuss cooperative terms. Several months later, in Jenins, a Swiss mountain village, Marco Tinner signed a contract dated June 21, 2003, with two C.I.A. agents, the official said.

The contract outlined the sale of rights that the Tinners held for manufacturing vacuum gear, and of proprietary information about the devices. In exchange, $1 million would be paid to Traco Group International, a front company Marco Tinner had established in Road Town, the capital of the British Virgin Islands, on the island of Tortola.

In the contract, according to the European intelligence official, the two C.I.A. agents used cover names — W. James Kinsman and Sean D. Mahaffey — and identified their employer as Big Black River Technologies Inc. In military and intelligence work, “black” means clandestine. In the contract, Black River gave an address on I Street in Washington, the intelligence official said. But no business directory lists the company, and employees in the mailroom at the address said they had no records for a company of that name.

Four months after the signing of the contract, American and European authorities seized cargoes of centrifuge parts bound for Libya. “The Tinners were a source,” a former Bush administration official said.

Two other officials credited the Tinners with helping end the Libyan bomb program. In Libya, investigators found the rudiments of a centrifuge plant and a blueprint for a basic atom bomb, courtesy of Dr. Khan’s network. The Bush administration celebrated Libya’s abandonment as a breakthrough in arms control.

But the secret lives of the Tinners began to unravel. The Malaysian police issued a report naming them as central members of Dr. Khan’s network. An official of VP Bank Ltd., Traco’s business agent in the Virgin Islands, said it ended that relationship in early 2004, when Marco Tinner was exposed.

Under growing pressure, Dr. Khan confessed. His clients turned out to include not only Libya but Iran and North Korea, and his collaborators turned out to be legion.

“We will find you,” Mr. Bush said in February 2004 of Dr. Khan’s associates, “and we’re not going to rest until you are stopped.”

Acts of Sabotage

After the Tinners were arrested, Swiss and other European authorities began to scrutinize their confiscated files and to conduct wide inquiries. European investigators discovered not only that the Tinners had spied for Washington, but that the men and their insider information had helped the C.I.A. sabotage atomic gear bound for Libya and Iran. A former American official confirmed the disruptions, saying the technical architect of the operation was “a mad-scientist type” who took pleasure in devising dirty tricks.

An American intelligence official, while refusing to discuss specifics of the sabotage operation or the Tinners’ relationship with the C.I.A., said efforts to cripple equipment headed to rogue nuclear states “buy us some time and space.” With Iran presumably racing for the capability to build a bomb, he added, “that may be the best we can hope for.”

The sabotage first came to light, diplomats and officials said, when inspectors from the International Atomic Energy Agency traveled to Iran and Libya in 2003 and 2004 and discovered identical vacuum pumps that had been damaged cleverly so that they looked perfectly fine but failed to operate properly. They traced the route of the defective parts from Pfeiffer Vacuum in Germany to the Los Alamos National Laboratory in New Mexico, the birthplace of the bomb. There, according to a European official who studied the case, nuclear experts had made sure the pumps “wouldn’t work.”

A more serious disruption involved a power supply shipped to Iran from Turkey, where Dr. Khan’s network did business with two makers of industrial control equipment.

The Iranians installed the power supply at their uranium enrichment plant at Natanz. But in early 2006, it failed, causing 50 centrifuges to explode — a serious, if temporary, setback to Iran’s efforts to master the manufacture of nuclear fuel, the hardest part of building a bomb. (Iran says its nuclear efforts are for electricity, not weapons.)

Gholamreza Aghazadeh, the head of the Iranian Atomic Energy Organization, told a reporter last year that Iranian investigators found that the power supply had been manipulated.

After the episode, he added, “we checked all the imported instruments.”

Discussions With Washington

In 2005, Swiss authorities began asking the United States for help in the Tinner case. Among other things, they wanted information about the Libyan centrifuge program to press charges of criminal export violations. For more than a year, the Swiss made repeated requests. Washington ignored them.

“Its lack of assistance needlessly complicates this important investigation,” David Albright, of the Institute for Science and International Security, a private group in Washington, told Congress in May 2006. Mr. Albright said he had helped Swiss prosecutors write to the State Department.

The Swiss turned to the I.A.E.A. for help in assessing the Tinner cache. European officials said the agency was surprised to find multiple warhead plans and judged that most had originated in Pakistan. The country denied that Dr. Khan had access to nuclear weapon designs and questioned the agency’s conclusions.

In late July 2007, according to Swiss federal statements, the justice minister, Christoph Blocher, flew to Washington for talks with Mike McConnell, the director of national intelligence; Alberto R. Gonzales, then the attorney general; and Robert S. Mueller III, the F.B.I. director.

Officially, the statements said, the main topic was “cooperation in the criminal prosecution of terrorist activities.” But the real agenda was what to do about the Tinners.

A former Bush administration official said different government agencies had differing views of the case. The State Department wanted the bomb plans destroyed as a way to stem nuclear proliferation, while the C.I.A. wanted to protect its methods for combating illicit nuclear trade.

The C.I.A. also wanted to help the Tinners. “If a key source is prosecuted,” a former senior official involved in the case said, “what message does that send when you try to recruit other informants?”

American officials discussed a range of possible outcomes with the Swiss and expressed their clear preferences. The best result, they said, would be turning over the family’s materials to the United States. Acceptable would be destroying them. Worst, according to the former administration official, would have been making them public in a criminal trial, where defense lawyers would have probably exposed as much American involvement as possible in hopes of getting their clients off the hook.

A Furor Over Destroyed Files

Last March, Mr. Müller became the examining magistrate in the Tinner case, charged with assessing if a trial was warranted. Soon after, he was quoted as saying the evidence files contained “obvious holes.” Sketchy reports of deleted computer files and shredded documents had been circulating, but he was the first identified official to hint at a widespread destruction. Then, on May 23, the Swiss president, Mr. Couchepin, revealed that Switzerland had begun a series of extraordinary actions just days after Mr. Blocher, the justice minister, returned from Washington.

Swiss citizens are prohibited from aiding foreign spies. But in his statement, the president said that in late August 2007, the government canceled a criminal case against the Tinners for suspicions of aiding a foreign government. Though unmentioned, the C.I.A. seemed to peer out from his statement.

On Nov. 14, his statement continued, the government decided to destroy “the comprehensive holding of the electronic files and documents” seized from the Tinners. The most dangerous items, the president said, included “detailed construction plans for nuclear weapons, for gas ultracentrifuges for the enrichment of weapons-grade uranium, as well as for guided missile delivery systems.” International atomic inspectors, he added, supervised the destruction.

Mr. Couchepin said keeping the documents “was incompatible with Switzerland’s obligations” under the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty and added, “Under all circumstances, this information was not to reach the hands of a terrorist organization or an unauthorized state.”

The statement provoked a political furor. Some politicians and columnists accused Switzerland of surrendering to Washington’s agenda and violating Swiss neutrality. Among the strongest critics was Dick Marty, a prominent Swiss senator. “We could have respected the treaty by avoiding their publication and putting them under lock and key,” he was quoted as saying on Swissinfo, the Web site of the Swiss Broadcasting Corporation. Destroying them, he added, “ could lead to the collapse of the legal case.”

Many European officials dismissed the government’s arguments about terrorists and rogue states as empty.

“If they had kept the material in federal possession for years, why not keep holding it?” asked Victor Mauer, a senior official at the Center for Security Studies of the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology. “Their explanation is not convincing.”

An Action’s Repercussions

In an interview, a senior European diplomat familiar with the I.A.E.A. said the destruction could have repercussions far beyond the criminal case.

For one thing, he said, the international atomic agency had been allowed to examine only parts of the archive. He called it “a good sample” and judged that the agency had missed no significant clues. Even so, he said, the agency might “come to regret” its inability to examine the materials further for insights into hidden remnants of Dr. Khan’s network.

And while the Swiss president made much of the proliferation danger, the diplomat insisted that the warhead designs were in many respects sketchy and incomplete. “These are almost like studies — bits and pieces,” he said, adding that they “wouldn’t be enough to let you build a replica.”

So while they might have little or no value for a terrorist with no atomic experience, the plans might prove quite helpful for an ambitious state intent on building a nuclear arsenal. He said the agency had no evidence that Iran had acquired the bomb plans.

The diplomat added that the Swiss had “lots of possibilities” other than destruction. He said they had no legal obligation to destroy the files under the nonproliferation treaty, and could have put them under I.A.E.A. seal in Vienna or Switzerland.

Several European officials speculated that Washington might actually have kept secret copies of the archive. A senior American official said the United States had reviewed the material but declined to say if there were copies.

As for the Tinners, the father was released in 2006, pending legal action. In a brief interview at his home, Mr. Tinner pleaded ignorance about basic aspects of the criminal case, such as where the authorities kept the materials that had belonged to him and his sons. “The newspapers know more about these things than I do,” he insisted.

Should the case fall apart, the Tinners would join a growing list of freed associates of Dr. Khan. In June, Malaysia released the network’s chief operating officer, B. S. A. Tahir, saying he was no longer a national security threat. The authorities have kept the Tinner brothers in jail for fear that they might flee the country. In late May, a Swiss court rejected their bail application, and early this month, the ruling was upheld. But the judges also told the authorities that they could not hold the brothers indefinitely without charging them.

With much of the evidence gone, the magistrate, Mr. Müller, expressed frustration at finding “no answers to the really interesting questions in this case.” He declined to predict how it might turn out.

“At the moment,” he said, “it is impossible to make any schedule, since the case is in many aspects extraordinary.”

(source : The New York TImes)

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North Korea Threatens to Restore Plutonium Plant

Posted in Nuclear Weapon with tags , , , , , on September 3, 2008 by indonesiaunderground
Published: August 26, 2008
SEOUL, South Korea — North Korea said Tuesday that it had stopped disabling its main nuclear complex and threatened to restore facilities there that the North had used to produce plutonium for nuclear weapons unless the United States removed it from a terrorist list.
or months, United States experts and North Korean engineers have been disabling key facilities at the complex at Yongbyon, north of Pyongyang, the capital, in a move that temporarily shut down the North’s only known source of plutonium.If North Korea rebuilds the facilities in defiance of the United States and a coalition of major powers that have sought to disarm North Korea, it would nullify a major foreign policy achievement of the Bush administration.

North Korea often issues strident warnings as a negotiating tactic but the latest declaration still dimmed the administration’s hopes of achieving a breakthrough in the North’s nuclear disarmament before President Bush leaves office in January.

The State Department described the announcement as a “step backward.”

“This certainly is in violation of their commitments to the six-party framework,” a State Department spokesman, Robert Wood, told reporters, according to Reuters.

North Korea accused Washington of not keeping its promise to take North Korea off a terrorism blacklist. The United States wants North Korea to agree to a comprehensive method of checking whether it withheld information in a report on its past nuclear activities before it removes North Korea from the list.

A White House spokesman, Tony Fratto, said North Korea had informed Washington that it had halted its work at the plant temporarily. “We’ve informed North Korea that we will take action to rescind its designation when it fulfills its commitment regarding verification,” he said.

The state-run news agency, KCNA, quoted a North Korean Foreign Ministry spokesman as saying: “We have decided to immediately suspend disabling our nuclear facilities. This measure has been effective on Aug. 14, and related parties have been notified of it.”

Work started at Yongbyon late last year to disable a nuclear reactor, a factory that produces fuel for the reactor and a laboratory that can extract plutonium from spent fuel rods. North Korea demolished the reactor’s cooling tower in June.

It would take at least a year to restart the disabled facilities, experts said.

Disabling the complex does not meet Washington’s ultimate goal of dismantling it. The United States wants full access by inspectors to all locations it suspects of being nuclear sites to ensure that there are no hidden nuclear assets.

The North bristled at this demand. “The U.S. is gravely mistaken if it thinks it can make a house search in our country as it pleases, just as it did in Iraq,” the North Korean spokesman said.

He said North Korea was still technically at war with the United States because the 1950-53 Korean War had ended only in a cease-fire. He added that asking the North to give up its nuclear programs while it was not allowed similar inspections in South Korea, to make sure that there are no American nuclear weapons there, amounted to “a gangster’s demand.”

North Korea has sought for years to be removed from a list of state sponsors of terrorism.

Neil A. Lewis contributed reporting from Washington.

(source : the new york times)

NSA has records of billions of U.S. phone calls

Posted in USA with tags , , , on September 3, 2008 by indonesiaunderground

The NSA building a phone records database

by Reuters

Published: May 11, 2006, 5:13 AM PDT

The National Security Agency has been secretly collecting phone call records of tens of millions of Americans, including calls made within the United States, according to reports.

USA Today said Thursday that the NSA, which is in charge of a domestic spying program, has been building up the database using records provided by three major phone companiesAT&T, Verizon Communications and BellSouth–but that the program “does not involve the NSA listening to or recording conversations.”

The newspaper said its sources for the story were “people with direct knowledge of the arrangement,” but it did not give their names or describe their affiliation.

The existence of an NSA eavesdropping program launched after the Sept. 11, 2001, terror attacks was revealed in December.

Defending the controversial eavesdropping program, President Bush and his administration officials have said it aims to uncover links between international terrorists and their domestic collaborators and only targets communications between a person inside the United States and a person overseas.

But USA Today said that calls originating and terminating within the United States have not escaped the NSA’s attention.

“It’s the largest database ever assembled in the world,” the paper quoted one source as saying. The agency’s goal is “to create a database of every call ever made” within U.S. borders, it said the source added.

The NSA has “access to records of billions of domestic calls,” USA Today said. Although customers’ names and addresses are not being handed over, “the phone numbers the NSA collects can easily be cross-checked with other databases to obtain that information,” it said.

Air Force Gen. Michael Hayden, who headed the NSA from 1999 to 2005 and was nominated by Bush on Monday as director of the CIA, would have overseen the call-tracking program, the newspaper said.

Hayden, as well as NSA and White House officials, declined to discuss the program, USA Today said.

Among major U.S. telecommunications companies, only Qwest Communications International has refused to help the NSA program, the paper said.

Qwest, with 14 million customers in the Western United States, was “uneasy about the legal implications of handing over customer information to the government without warrants,” USA Today said.

It said the three companies cooperating with the NSA “provide local and wireless phone service to more than 200 million customers.”

Asian Tsunami: Natural Disaster? Or Nuclear Test?

Posted in Nuclear Weapon with tags , , , , , on September 3, 2008 by indonesiaunderground

by NATIONAL BUSINESS REVIEW

During his press conference at the Jakarta summit, United Nations Emergency Relief Coordinator Jan Egeland took time to address a rumour — apparently rife in the Arab world — that the Boxing Day earthquake had been triggered by an Indian nuclear experiment. While conspiracy theories generally abound in the wake of any large scale disaster, this one appears to have sprung from the Arab press — or, at least, to have been given credibility by it.

Israeli news outlets, which keep close tabs on Arab language news outlets, have reported sightings of the story in Arab newspapers.

Both the Jerusalem Post and Arutz Sheva report that a prominent Egyptian weekly — identified variously as Al-Osboa and Al-Usbu — claims that India, in its heated nuclear race with Pakistan, has lately received sophisticated nuclear technology from the United States and Israel.

The paper claims, according to these reports, that India has been experimenting with this technology — and other nuclear devices — in the region of the Indian Ocean known as ‘the Fire Belt,’ which housed the epicenter of the earthquake.

It said that both Israel and India are conducting nuclear tests in the Indian Ocean, and the United States has recently decided to carry out similar tests in the Australian deserts, which, it said, is also part of the Fire Belt.

Abutz Sheva said the paper reported: “The three most recent tests appeared to be genuine American and Israeli preparations to act together with India to test a way to liquidate humanity.

“In the most recent test, they began destroying entire cities over extensive areas. Although the nuclear explosions were carried out in desert lands, tens of thousand of kilometers away from populated areas, they had a direct effect on these Asian areas,” according to the weekly.

The JPost said the paper reported a history of failed attempts at intervention by Islamic states.

JPost said the paper reported: “Last year only, Arab and Islamic states have asked the United States to stop its nuclear activities in that region, and to urge Israel and India to follow suite.”

JPost said:

Although Al-Osboa’ does not rule out the possibility that the tsunami could have been caused by a natural earthquake it speculates however that, “while it has not been proved yet, there has been a joint Israeli-Indian secret nuclear experiment [conducted on December 26] that caused the earthquake.”

Arutz Sheva notes that:

The article also claims that last year “Arab and Islamic countries intervened more than three times in the U.S. to stop this joint nuclear activity.”

The Times of India also reports this rumour but lumps it in with many others it discovered.

Among them:

# The earthquake was caused by testing of “eco-weapons which can trigger earthquakes and volcanoes remotely through the use of electromagnetic waves;”
# The earthquake was a side effect of an experiment to try and correct the “wobbly rotation of the Earth;”
# Aliens did it.

Meanwhile, back in Jakarta, Mr Egeland said he would like to stop the rumour mill “here and now.”

“The seismic surveillance people around the globe know exactly what happened. This is a fault line,” he said.

The UN is concerned that such rumours — and the even more widely circulated contention by Islamic clerics that the catastrophe was divine retribution — are impeding fund raising efforts in the Arab world.

Arutz Sheva reports that one cleric on Saudi television gave a sermon in which he said: “The problem is that the (Christian) holidays are accompanied by forbidden things, by immorality, abomination, adulterers, alcohol, drunken dancing and…revelry. A belly dance costs 2,500 (English) pounds per minute and a singer costs 50,000 pounds per hour, and they hop from one hotel to another from night to dawn. Then he spends the entire night defying Allah.

“Haven’t they learned their lesson from what Allah wreaked upon the coast of Asia, during the celebration of these forbidden? At the height of immorality, Allah took vengeance on these criminal (and) Allah struck them with an earthquake. He finished off the Richter scale. All nine levels are gone.”

ORIGINALLY PUBLISHED
http://www.nbr.co.nz

IT IS BLOOD FOR OIL

Posted in USA with tags , , , , , , on September 3, 2008 by indonesiaunderground

IT IS BLOOD FOR OIL


George Bush’s Land Mine:If the Iraqi People Get Revenue Sharing, They Lose Their Oil to Exxon

by Richard Behan
George Bush has a land mine planted in the supplemental appropriation legislation working its way through Congress.
The Iraq Accountability Act passed by the House and the companion bill passed in the Senate contain deadlines for withdrawing our troops from Iraq, in open defiance of the President’s repeated objections.
He threatens a veto, but he might well be bluffing.
Buried deep in the legislation and intentionally obscured is a near-guarantee of success for the Bush Administration’s true objective of the war-capturing Iraq’s oil-and George Bush will not casually forego that.

This bizarre circumstance is the end-game of the brilliant, ever-deceitful maneuvering by the Bush Administration in conducting the entire scenario of the “global war on terror.”

VIDEO – BUYING THE WAR – BILL MOYERS

The supplemental appropriation package requires the Iraqi government to meet a series of “benchmarks” President Bush established in his speech to the nation on January 10 (in which he made his case for the “surge”). Most of Mr. Bush’s benchmarks are designed to blame the victim, forcing the Iraqis to solve the problems George Bush himself created.

One of the President’s benchmarks, however, stands apart. This is how the President described it: “To give every Iraqi citizen a stake in the country’s economy, Iraq will pass legislation to share oil revenues among all Iraqis.” A seemingly decent, even noble concession. That’s all Mr. Bush said about that benchmark, but his brevity was gravely misleading, and it had to be intentional.

The Iraqi Parliament has before it today, in fact, a bill called the hydrocarbon law, and it does call for revenue sharing among Sunnis, Shiites, and Kurds. For President Bush, this is a must-have law, and it is the only “benchmark” that truly matters to his Administration.

Yes, revenue sharing is there-essentially in fine print, essentially trivial. The bill is long and complex, it has been years in the making, and its primary purpose is transformational in scope: a radical and wholesale reconstruction-virtual privatization-of the currently nationalized Iraqi oil industry.

If passed, the law will make available to Exxon/Mobil, Chevron/Texaco, BP/Amoco, and Royal Dutch/Shell about 4/5’s of the stupendous petroleum reserves in Iraq. That is the wretched goal of the Bush Administration, and in his speech setting the revenue-sharing “benchmark” Mr. Bush consciously avoided any hint of it.

The legislation pending now in Washington requires the President to certify to Congress by next October that the benchmarks have been met-specifically that the Iraqi hydrocarbon law has been passed. That’s the land mine: he will certify the American and British oil companies have access to Iraqi oil. This is not likely what Congress intended, but it is precisely what Mr. Bush has sought for the better part of six years.

It is why we went to war.

For years President Bush has cloaked his intentions behind the fabricated “Global War on Terrorism.” It has long been suspected that oil drove the wars, but dozens of skilled and determined writers have documented it. It is no longer a matter of suspicion, nor is it speculation now: it is sordid fact.
( Remember 911)
Planning for the two wars was underway almost immediately upon the Bush Administration taking office–at least six months before September 11, 2001. The wars had nothing to do with terrorism. Terrorism was initially rejected by the new Administration as unworthy of national concern and public policy, but 9/11 gave them a conveniently timed and spectacular alibi to undertake the wars. Quickly inventing a catchy “global war on terror” theme, the Administration disguised the true nature of the wars very cleverly, and with enduring success.

The “global war on terror” is bogus. The prime terrorist in Afghanistan and the architect of 9/11, Osama bin Laden, was never apprehended, and the President’s subsequent indifference is a matter of record. And Iraq harbored no terrorists at all. But both countries were invaded, both countries suffer military occupation today, both are dotted with permanent U.S. military bases protecting the hydrocarbon assets, and both have been provided with puppet governments.

And a billion dollar embassy in Baghdad is under construction now. It will be the largest U.S. embassy in the world by a factor of ten.
It consists of 21 buildings on 104 acres, six times larger than the United Nations compound in New York city, larger than Vatican City. It will house a delegation of more than five thousand people. It will have its own water, electric, and sewage systems, and it is surrounded by a fortress wall of concrete fifteen feet thick. For an Administration committed to fighting terrorism with armies and bombs, that’s far more anti-terror diplomacy than a tiny country needs. There must be another purpose for it.

In the first two months of the Bush Administration two significant events took place that preordained the Iraqi war. Vice President Cheney’s Energy Task Force was created, composed of federal officials and oil industry people. By March of 2001, half a year before 9/11, the Task Force was poring secretly over maps of the Iraqi oil fields, pipe lines, and tanker terminals. It studied a listing of foreign oil company “suitors” for exploration and development contracts, to be executed with Saddam Hussein’s oil ministry. There was not a single American or British oil company included, and to Mr. Cheney and his cohorts that was intolerable. The final report of the Task Force was candid: “… Middle East oil producers will remain central to world security. The Gulf will be a primary focus of U.S. international energy policy.” The detailed meaning of “focus” was left blank.

The other event was the first meeting of President Bush’s National Security Council, and it filled in the blank. The Council abandoned abruptly the decades-long attempt to resolve the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, and set a new priority for Middle East foreign policy instead: the invasion of Iraq. This, too, was six months before 9/11. “Focus” would mean war.

By the fall of 2002, the White House Iraq Group-a collection not of foreign policy experts but of media and public relations people-was cranking up the marketing campaign for the war. A contract was signed with the Halliburton Corporation-even before military force in Iraq had been authorized by Congress-to organize the suppression of oil well fires, should Saddam torch the fields as he had done in the first Gulf War. Little was left to chance.

The oil industry is the primary client and top-ranked beneficiary of the Bush Administration. There can be no question the Administration intended to secure for American oil corporations the rich petroleum resources of Iraq: 115 billion barrels of proven reserves, twice that in probable and possible resources, potentially far more than Saudi Arabia. The Energy Task Force spoke to this and the National Security Council answered.

A secret NSC memorandum in 2001 spoke candidly of “actions regarding the capture of new and existing oil and gas fields” in Iraq. In 2002 Paul Wolfowitz suggested simply seizing the oil fields. These words and suggestions were draconian, overt, and reprehensible-morally, historically, politically and diplomatically. The seizure of the oil would have to be oblique and far more sophisticated.

A year before the war the State Department undertook the “Future of Iraq” project, expressly to design the institutional contours of the postwar country. The ­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­”Oil and Energy Working Group” looked with dismay at the National Iraqi Oil Company, the government agency that owned and operated the Iraqi oil fields and marketed the products. 100% of the revenues went directly to the central government, and constituted about 90% of its income. Saddam Hussein benefited, certainly-his lavish palaces-but the Iraqi people did so to a far greater extent, in terms of the nation’s public services and physical infrastructure. For this reason nationalized oil industries are the norm throughout the world.

The Oil and Energy Working Group designed a scheme that was oblique and sophisticated, indeed. The oil seizure would be less than total. It would be obscured in complexity. The apparent responsibility for it would be shifted, and it would be disguised as benefiting, even necessary to Iraq’s well being. Their work was supremely ingenious, undeniably brilliant.

The plan would keep the National Iraqi Oil Company in place, to continue overseeing the currently producing fields. But those fields represent only 19% of Iraq’s petroleum reserves. The other 81% would be flung open to “investment” by foreign oil interests, and the companies in favored positions today-because of the war and their political connections-are Exxon/Mobil, Chevron/Texaco, BP/Amoco, and Royal Dutch/Shell.

The nationalized industry would be 80% privatized.

The investment vehicle would be the “production sharing agreement,” a long-term contract-up to 40 years-that grants to the company a share of the oil produced; in exchange, the company underwrites the development costs and oilfield infrastructure. Such “investment” is touted by the Bush Administration and its puppets in Iraq as necessary to the country’s recovery, and a huge benefit, accordingly. But it is not unusual for these contracts to grant the companies more than half the profits for the first 15-30 years, and to deny the host country any revenue at all until the investment costs have been recovered.

The Iraqi oil industry does very much need a great deal of investment capital, to repair, replace, and upgrade its infrastructure. But it does not need Exxon/Mobil or any other foreign company to provide it. At a reduced level, Iraq is still producing oil and hence revenue, and no country in the world, perhaps, has better collateral against which to float bond issues for public investment. Privatization of any sort and in any degree is utterly unnecessary in Iraq today.

The features of the State Department plan were inserted by Paul Bremer’s Provisional Coalition Authority into the developing structures of Iraqi governance. American oil companies were omnipresent in Baghdad then and have been since, shaping and shepherding the plan through the several iterations of puppet governments-the “democracy” said to be taking hold in Iraq.

The package today is in the form of draft legislation, the hydrocarbon law. Only a handful of Iraqi officials know its details. Virtually none of them had a hand in its construction. (It was first written in English.) And its exclusive beneficiaries are the American and British oil companies, whose profits will come directly from the pockets of the Iraqi people.

The Iraqi people do, however, benefit to some degree. The seizure is not total. The hydrocarbon law specifies the oil revenues-the residue accruing to Iraq-will be shared equally among the Sunni, Shiite, and Kurdish regions, on a basis of population. This is the feature President Bush relies upon exclusively to justify, to insist on the passage of the hydrocarbon law. His real reasons are Exxon/Mobil, Chevron/Texaco, BP/Amoco, and Royal Dutch/Shell.

No one can say at the moment how much the hydrocarbon law will cost the Iraqi people, but it will be in the hundreds of billions. The circumstances of its passage are mired in the country’s chaos, and its final details are not yet settled. If and when it passes, however, Iraq will orchestrate the foreign capture of its own oil. The ingenious, brilliant seizure of Iraqi oil will be assured.

That outcome has been on the Bush Administration’s agenda since early in 2001, long before terrorism struck in New York and Washington. The Iraqi war has never been about terrorism.

It is blood for oil.

The blood has been spilled already, hugely, criminally. More than 3,200 American military men and women have died in Iraq. 26,500 more have been wounded. But the oil remains in play.

The game will end if the revenue-sharing “benchmark” is fully enforced. The land mine will detonate.

Mission almost accomplished, Mr. President.

WHY WE FIGHT, EXECUTIVE ORDER 13303

(O)peration
(I)raqi
(L)iberation

I, GEORGE W. BUSH, President of the United States of America, find that the threat of attachment or other judicial process against the Development Fund for Iraq, Iraqi petroleum and petroleum products, and interests therein, and proceeds, obligations, or any financial instruments of any nature whatsoever arising from or related to the sale or marketing thereof, and interests therein, obstructs the orderly reconstruction of Iraq, the restoration and maintenance of peace and security in the country, and the development of political, administrative, and economic institutions in Iraq. This situation constitutes an unusual and extraordinary threat to the national security and foreign policy of the United States and I hereby declare a national emergency to deal with that threat.

I hereby order:

Section 1. Unless licensed or otherwise authorized pursuant to this order, any attachment, judgment, decree, lien, execution, garnishment, or other judicial process is prohibited, and shall be deemed null and void, with respect to the following:

(a) the Development Fund for Iraq, and (b) all Iraqi petroleum and petroleum products, and interests therein, and proceeds, obligations, or any financial instruments of any nature whatsoever arising from or related to the sale or marketing thereof, and interests therein, in which any foreign country or a national thereof has any interest, that are in the United States, that hereafter come within the United States, or that are or hereafter come within the possession or control of United States persons.

Executive order 13303

Author’s endnote:

This article was written assuming the members of Congress were ignorant, when they passed the supplemental appropriation bills, of the clever origin, the details, and the true beneficiaries of the Iraqi hydrocarbon law. It was written assuming they did not know President Bush’s stated “benchmark” of revenue-sharing was fraudulently incomplete, intentionally obscuring the fully intended seizure, by military force, of Iraqi oil assets.

The Bush Administration made every effort to mislead deliberately both the Congress and the American people. Ignorance of the circumstances was imposed.

If any members of Congress acted with full and complete knowledge, however, then they have become complicit in a criminal war.

Published on Friday, March 30, 2007 by CommonDreams.org
Richard W. Behan lives and writes on Lopez Island, off the northwest coast of Washington state. He is working on his next book, To Provide Against Invasions: Corporate Dominion an America’s Derelict Democracy. He can be reached at rwbehan@rockisland.com

(This essay is deliberately not copyrighted: it may be reproduced without restriction.)

(Taken from http://leapingrealeyes.blogspot.com)

‘The Skulls’: Insider Secrets of the New World Orderlies

Posted in Secret Societies with tags , , , on September 3, 2008 by indonesiaunderground

MOVIE REVIEW

by Uri Dowbenko

What if you were tapped — invited to join the world’s most powerful secret society — the Order of Skull and Bones — a membership so exclusive that it virtually guarantees success in the material world?


What if you could join the ranks of global movers and shakers like George Herbert Walker Bush (Director of CIA, US Ambassador to the UN, and President of the United States), George W. Bush (party animal and cokehead screw-up, Governor of Texas and future President of the United States), and other members of the Power Elite of industry, education, banking and media?

Would you do it? And what would be the consequences?

Written by John Pogue (US Marshalls) and directed by Rob Cohen (Dragonheart, Daylight), “The Skulls” is an entertaining albeit cursory look at the hidden world of secret societies.

Luke McNamara (Joshua Jackson, “
Dawson‘s Creek”) is a working class guy, who happens to be the varsity crew team captain at an Ivy League school, obviously Yale University. His best friends are Will (Hill Harper), a student journalist, and the rich and blonde Chloe (Leslie Bibb). Invited to join a super-secret society called the Skulls, Luke’s priorities and friendships start to change.

His soul-mate — he’s bonded to a Skulls’ chum by revealing his most intimate secrets — is Caleb Mandrake (Paul Walker), a rich kid with a strong track record for getting into trouble and getting bailed out by his father, Litten (Craig T. Nelson). It’s really hard not to think of Bush Jr. and Bush Sr. Senator Leveritt (William Petersen) is Litten’s own soul-mate, who is blackmailed when he doesn’t want to play ball with Mandrake anymore.



When his friend Will is killed, Luke’s world is turned completely upside down.

The real life analogue of the Skulls is the Order of Skull and Bones, a Yale-based secret society which has spread its tentacles throughout the highest echelons of government, finance and industry.

America‘s Secret Establishment: An Introduction to the Order of Skull and Bones (Liberty House Press, Box 80650, Billings, MT 59108) by former Hoover Institution historian Antony C. Sutton remains the classic must-read history of this group and its inordinate influence in global affairs.

“Those on the inside know it as the Order,” Sutton begins. “Others have known it for more than 150 years as Chapter 322 of a German secret society. More formally for legal purposes, The Order was incorporated as The Russell Trust in 1856. It was also known as the Brotherhood of Death. Those who make light of it, or want to make fun of it, call it Skull and Bones, or just plain Bones.”

“The American chapter of this German order was founded in 1833 at
Yale University by General William Huntington Russell and Alphonso Taft who in 1876 became Secretary of War in the Grant Administration. Alphonso Taft was the father of William Howard Taft, the only man to be both President and Chief Justice of the United States.”

“The Order is not just another campus Greek letter fraternal society with passwords and handgrips, common to most campuses,” Sutton continues. “Chapter 322 is a secret society whose members are sworn to silence. It only exists on the Yale campus. It has rules. It has ceremonial rites. It is not at all happy with prying probing citizens known among inititiates as outsiders or vandals. Its members always deny membership… Above all the Order is powerful, unbelievably powerful. If the reader will persist and examine the evidence to be presented [in the book] which is overwhelming, there is no doubt his view of the world will suddenly come sharply into focus with almost frightening clarity.”

In real life, The Order meets on
Deer Island in the St. Lawrence River and “the most likely potential member is from a Bones family who is energetic, resourceful, political and probably an amoral team player. A man who understands that to get along you have to go along. A man who will sacrifice himself for the good of the team.”

According to Sutton, who in 1983, received an eight-inch batch of documents including the membership list, the Order is a secret society dominated by old line American families and new wealth which has existed from 1833 to the present.

These families include: Lord (1635, Cambridge, Mass), Bundy (1635, Boston, Mass) Phelps (1630, Dorchester, Mass), Whitney (1635, Watertown, Mass), Perkins (1631, Boston, Mass), Stimson (1635, Watertown, Mass), Taft (1679, Braintree, Mass) Wadsworth (1632, Newtown, Mass), Gilman (1638, Hingham, Mass), Payne (Standard Oil), Davison (JP Morgan), Pillsbury (Flour Milling), Sloane (Retail), Weyerhaeuser (Lumber), Harriman (Railroads) and Rockefeller (Standard Oil).

Sutton writes that The Order has penetrated every segment of American society — law, education, media, publishing, business, industry, commerce, church, banking, Federal Reserve System, foundations, think tanks, policy groups, legislatures, political parties and the White House-executive branch of the US Government.

“Among academic associations, the American Historical Association, the American Economic Association, the American Chemical Society and the American Psychological Association were all started by members of the Order or persons close to the Order,” writes Sutton.

“These are key associations for the conditioning of society,” Sutton emphasizes. “The phenomenon of The Order as the first on the scene is found especially among foundations.”

The Carnegie Institution, the Peabody Foundation, Slater Foundation, Russell Foundation, Sage Foundation and Ford Foundation were all associated with Daniel Coit Gilman, a member of the Order who was also the first president of
Johns Hopkins University.

Interestingly enough Sutton points out that “during the past one hundred years any theory of history or historical evidence that falls outside a pattern established by the American Historical Association and the major foundations with their grant making power has been attacked or rejected — not on the basis of any evidence presented, but on the basis of the acceptability of the argument of the so-called Eastern Liberal Establishment and its official historical line.”

Likewise, alternatives to the politically correct version of news events and history is typically condemned as “conspiracy theory.”

The reality, however, remains that despite the Big Media Cartel’s cover stories, alternative history provides an independent appraisal of realpolitik and the real-life criminal conspiracies, treacheries and intrigues of the Power Elite.

“There is an Establishment history, an official history, which dominates history textbooks, trade publishing, the media and library shelves,” writes Sutton. The official line always assumes that events such as wars, revolutions, scandals, assassinations are more or less random unconnected events. By definition events can never be the result of a conspiracy. They can never result from premeditated planned group action. An excellent example is the Kennedy assassination when, within 9 hours of the Dallas tragedy, TV networks announced the shooting was not a conspiracy regardless of the fact that a negative proposition can never be proven and that the investigation had barely begun.”

Every thinking man and woman must now decide between two paradigms — the Randomness of History (taught by Establishment teachers) vs. the Conspiracy of History (taught by Real Life experience).

Do events just happen? Or are they often “programmed” by unseen hands?

The most important point of Professor Sutton’s book is his contention that the Order can manipulate history itself through the control of the so-called Hegelian dialectic process.

“The operations of the Order cannot be explained in terms of any other philosophy,” Sutton affirms. “Therefore the Order can not be described as ‘right’ or ‘left,’ secular or religious, Marxist or Capitalist. The Order and its objectives are all of these and none of these.”

The current world situation has been deliberately created by these elites who manipulate both the so-called “right” and the so-called “left.” By controlling the resulting “synthesis” — the end result of Hegelian “thesis” and “antithesis” — a Globalist New World Order is produced. You can call it techno-fascism or techno-feudalism, but the result is the same — a global consolidation and mega-corporate transnational centralization of power, capital and resources.

And how does it work? By using “managed conflict” or “crisis management.” a crisis or problem is produced. Then the crisis is “managed” and the problem is “solved” with an outcome that is invariably favorable to the goals and agendas of the Global Power Elite.

“College textbooks present war and revolution as more or less accidental results of conflicting forces,” writes Sutton. “The decay of political negotiation into physical conflict comes about, according to these books, after valiant efforts to avoid war. Unfortunately, this is nonsense. War is always a deliberate creative act by individuals.”

“Revolution is always recorded as a spontaneous event by the politically or economically deprived against an autocratic state,” he continues. “Never in Western textbooks will you find the evidence that revolutions need finance and the source of finance in many cases traces back to Wall Street.”

Professor Sutton’s prodigious body of work includes the heavily referenced history, Wall Street and the Rise of Hitler, which explains how investment bankers, including Skull and Bones member Prescott Sheldon Bush, fatherof George H.W. Bush and partner of investment banking firm Brown Brothers, Harriman, financed the Nazi War Machine through New York City-based Union Banking Corporation, a joint Thyssen Bank-Harriman operation.

Professor Sutton’s landmark history entitled Wall Street and the Bolshevik Revolution describes how Wall Street bankers initially financed the communists, and The Best Enemy Money Can Buy describes how the Power Elite continued to financially support the Soviet Empire during the historical charade called “The Cold War.”

In America’s Secret Establishment, Professor Sutton writes that “just as we found the Bush family involved with the early development of the Soviet Union, then with financing the Nazis and behind the scenes in Angola, so we find a Bush active in construction of the new dialectic arm: Communist China.”

When President Nixon appointed George “Poppy” Bush (The Order 1948) as US Ambassador to the United Nations in 1971, the scene was set for the development of China as the next superpower — with the help of advanced American technology.

Note: The Order specializes in long-range global planning.

Since then, “Poppy” George’s older brother, Prescott Bush, has been managing Bush Family investments in
China. Using Asset Management International Financing & Settlement, Ltd and other corporate fronts, he has brokered deals with Los Angeles based Hughes Aircraft as well as other joint ventures with the repressive, human-rights abusing, murderous Chinese government.

Sound familiar? Remember the Bush Family’s involvement with the thugocracies of Nazi Germany and the Soviet Empire. It’s all in the family — so to speak.

“Are you ready to be reborn?” the secret society’s initiate is asked in the movie.

Then the elaborate rituals and male-bonding ceremonies of illuminati-style networking begin — being caged with your fellow ‘soul-mate” and asked to reveal your worst fears, then covering up the crimes and murders of your secret society buddies. After all even the younger Mandrake confesses, “My father always covers for me.”

Though disparaged by mainstream reviewers, “The Skulls”is an entertaining look at a dark and disturbing subject. With the golden hues of an affluent youth, the film reflects the charmed lifestyle of the young and the elite — expensive cars, unlimited bank accounts and even the ubiquitous sex slaves, babes in illuminati land, who march in during the Skulls’ festivities.

And, for the eternally optimistic, it even has a happy ending. You can walk away from the illuminati. And even live.

“If it’s secret and elite, it can’t be right,” Luke concludes. As author C. Wright Mills says in The Power Elite, these are the elite groups which network for the rest of their lives.

“He was a Skull the day he was born,” says a talent scout in the film. He could have been referring to 3rd generation Bonesman, George W. Bush, the soon-to-be Emperor of America. His father George Herbert Walker Bush, as well as his grandfather, Prescott Bush, are both Boodleboys, i.e. members of the Order of Skull and Bones.

Don’t hold your breath for Barbara Walters to ask George Bush Jr. about his membership in the Order.

He really can’t answer that question — you know.

It’s against the rules.

32 “Rahasia” Israel Yang Tidak Dipublikasikan

Posted in Israel with tags , , on September 3, 2008 by indonesiaunderground

32 RAHASIA ISRAEL YANG TIDAK DIPUBLIKASIKAN :

  1. Tahukah anda bahwa selain ras yahudi, dilarang membeli atau menyewa tanah di Israel?
  2. Tahukah anda bahwa setiap ras yahudi yang ada di setiap Negara di seluruh dunia menjadi warga Negara Israel secara otomatis? Sementara warga Palestina yang terlahir di tanah negerinya sendiri sejak puluhan abad yang lalu terus diusir ke luar Palestina?
  3. Tahukah anda bahwa penduduk Palestina yang menetap di kawasan Israel harus menggunakan kendaraan dengan cat dan warna khusus untuk membedakan antara ras yahudi dan non yahudi?
  4. Tahukah anda bahwa Yerusalem bagian timur, Tepi Barat, Gaza dan dataran tinggi Golan dianggap oleh masyarakat internasional khususnya barat dan Amerika sebagai kawasan yang dijajah Israel dan bukan merupakan bagian dari Israel?
  5. Tahukah anda bahwa Israel mengalokasikan 85% air bersih hanya untuk ras yahudi dan membagikan 15% sisanya untuk seluruh penduduk Palestina yang menetap di kawasan Israel? Secara realitas, Israel mengalokasikan 85% air bersih hanya untuk 400 penduduk yahudi di Hebron, sementara 15% sisanya alokasikan kepada 120 ribu penduduk Palestina di daerah itu?
  6. Tahukah anda bahwa Amerika mengalolasikan 5 milyad US$ dari penghasilan pajaknya setiap tahunnya untuk menyumbang Israel?
  7. Tahukah anda bahwa Amerika terus memberikan bantuan militer kepada Israel sebesar 1,8 milyard US$ setiap tahunnnya? Dan tahukah anda bahwa jumlah sebesar itu sama dengan sumbangan Amerika kepada seluruh Negara di benua benua Afrika?
  8. Tahukah anda bahwa Israel juga menunggu bantuan perang tambahan sebesar 4 milyard US$ dari Amerika yang terdiri dari pesawat tempur F 16, Apache dan Blackhawk? Dan karena Amerika merupakan Negara koalisi utama bagi Israel, maka ia wajib memberikan semua fasilitas yang diminta Israel untuk menjamin eksistensinya.
  9. Tahukah anda bahwa pemerintah Amerika telah menekan Konggres tentang pelanggaran Israel dalam penggunaan senjata yang mereka sumbangkan?Khususnya pada tahun 1978, 1979 dan tahun 1982 pada perang di Lebanon dan penggunaan senjata nuklir pada tahun 1981.
  10. Tahukah anda bahwa Israel adalah satu-satunya Negara di Timur Tengah yang menolak menandatangani larangan pengembangan senjata nuklir? Dan menolak Tim Investigasi PBB untuk memeriksa tempat persembunyian nuklirnya?
  11. Tahukah anda bahwa sebelum berdirinya Israel pada tahun 1948, sudah memiliki pabrik pengembangan senjata nuklir?
  12. Tahukah anda bahwa Perwira Tinggi Israel di Departemen Perang mengakui secara terang-terangan bahwa militer Israel membunuh semua tahanan perang Palestina tanpa proses pengadilan?
  13. Tahukah anda bahwa Israel meledakan tempat kediaman Diplomat Amerika dan menyerang kapal perang Amerika Liberty di perairan internasional pada tahun 1967? Walaupun serangan itu menewaskan 33 tentara Amerika dan melukai 177 lainnya, tetapi Amerika sama sekali tidak melakukan tindakan apapun terhadap Israel? Hanya dengan alasan bahwa tentara Israel salah sasaran? Bayangkan kalau serangan itu dilakukan oleh Negara Islam?
  14. Tahukah anda bahwa Israel merupakan Negara yang paling banyak mengabaikan resolusi DK PBB? Jumlah resolusi yang diabaikan oleh Israel mencapai 69 buah. Bayangkan seandainya satu Negara Islam mengabaikan 1 resolusi PBB, apa yang akan dilakukan oleh Amerika?
  15. Tahukah anda bahwa pemerintah Israel menggunakan system politik konservasi terhadap identitas ras yahudi agar tetap menjadi warga Negara itu?
  16. Tahukah anda bahwa Mahkamah Agung Israel telah menetapkan Perdana Menteri Ariel Sharon sebagai tersangka dalam kasus pembantaian Shabra dan Syatilla pada 16 September 1982 di Lebanon yang menewaskan lebih dari 1000 orang Palestina terdiri dari anak-anak, wanita dan orang tua?
  17. Tahukah anda bahwa pada tanggal 20 Mei 1990, seorang tentara Israel menyuruh para buruh Palestina yang sedang menunggu bus di sebuah halte untuk duduk berbaris di atas tanah, setelah itu ia menembaki mereka dari jarah setengah meter? Tahu pulakah anda bahwa pemerintah Israel menyatakan tentara itu tidak bersalah dan bahkan mendapat penghargaan khusus dari pemerintah Israel?
  18. Tahukah anda bahwa sampai tahun 1988, semua pabrik dan kantor di Israel hanya boleh menempelkan keterangan lowongan kerja dengan perkataan: “lowongan kerja hanya untuk ras yahudi”, “dicari seorang karyawan dengan syarat ras yahudi”?
  19. Tahukah anda bahwa Departmen Luar Negeri Israel membayar 6 peruhaan media Amerika untuk memunculkan image positif Israel kepada masyarakat Amerika dan Eropa?
  20. Tahukah anda bahwa Sharon mengajak Partai radikal Molodeit untuk menjadi koalisi utama dalam kabinetnya? Padahal partai itu beridiologi radikal dengan persepsi pokok membesihkan Israel dari non ras yahudi dan pengusiran secara paksa seluruh warga Palestina dari Israel?
  21. Tahukah anda bahwa Perdana Menteri Israel pertama David ben Gorion sepakat dengan langkah pengusiran secara paksa seluruh ras arab dari Israel?
  22. Tahukah anda bahwa Rahib besar di Israel Ofadya Yosef yang juga pendiri Partai Syas (partai terbesar ketiga di Israel) mendukung aksi militer Israel untuk menghabisi warga Palestina? bahkan ia mengeluarkan fatwa radikal pada hari raya paskah yang lalu dalam wawancaranya di sebuah jaringan radio terbesar di Israel: “Tuhan akan membalas semua kejahatan warga arab, Tuhan akan menghancurkan keturunannya, menghabisinya dan menghancurkan tanahnya dan Tuhan akan membalas mereka dengan siksaan yang pedih. Karenanya dilarang semua ras yahudi untuk memberikan rasa kasih saying kepada warga arab, dan wajib bagi setiap yahudi untuk menembakan rudal dan senjatanya ke arah dada dan kepala setiap warga arab untuk menghabisinya, karena mereka itu makhluq yang jahat dan terkutuk”……
  23. Tahukah anda bahwa pengungsi Palestina terbesar di dunia?
  24. Tahukah anda bahwa penduduk Kristen Palestina bersatu dengan penduduk Palestina muslim untuk melawan penjajah yahudi?
  25. Tahukah anda, walaupun Mahkamah Agung Israel sudah mengeluarkan keputusan pelarangan penyiksaan dalam proses pemeriksaan, tetapi Shinbet (Badan Intelejen Israel) tetap terus menyiksa setiap pejuang Palestina dalam proses pemeriksaannya?
  26. Tahukah anda bahwa walaupun Israel terus mengganggu proses belajar mengajar dan merusak seluruh sarana dan prasara pendidikan penduduk Palestina, tetapi penduduk Palestina tetap menjadi Negara terbesar di dunia yang penduduknya bergelar doctor (S3)? Hal ini apabila dilihat dari jumlah prosentase penduduknya.
  27. Tahukah anda bahwa setiap manusia mempunyai hak yang sama yang dijamin oleh undang-undang HAM internasional yang diterbitkan pada tanggal 10 Desember 1948? Tetapi tahukah anda bahwa undang-undang itu sama sekali tidak berlaku bagi penduduk Palestina? karena dihalangi dengan ditandatanganinya kesepatakan OSLO?
  28. Tahukah anda bahwa mayoritas buku sejarah di dunia mengatakan Negara-negara arab yang menyerang Israel terlebih dahulu pada perang tahun 1967? Padahal faktanya, justru Israel yang menyerang Negara-negara arab terlebih dahulu kemudian mereka merebut kota Al Quds dan Tepi Barat? Tetapi mereka mengatakan bahwa serangannya itu adalah serangan untuk menjaga diri dan antisipasi?
  29. Tahukah anda bahwa Israel sebagai Negara penjajah sama sekali tidak terikat dengan konsvensi Jenewa untuk menjaga hak-hak dan keselamatan warga sipil Palestina?
  30. Tahukah anda bahwa perintah Perdana Menteri Israel Ariel Sharon sudah tidak dituruti lagi oleh militer Israel? Salah satu contohnya adalah ketika ia melarang militer Israel untuk melakukan genjatan senjata dan dilarang menembak, tetapi militer Israel terus menyerang, menembaki rakyat sipil Palestina dan menghancurkan tempat tinggal mereka. Insiden paling memilukan andalah pembantaian tiga wanita Palestina, padahal mereka sedang berada dalam tenda pengungsiannya?
  31. Tahukah anda bahwa Israel terus melakukan berbagai usaha untuk menghancurkan Masjid Al Aqsha dan Qubah Shakhrah sejak 50 tahun yang lalu dengan menggali bawah tanah masjid tersebut agar runtuh dengan sendirinya?
  32. Tahukah anda bahwa Presiden Afrika Selatan Nelson Mandela mengatakan bahwa Israel adalah Negara rasisme dan apartheid seperti kondisi Afrika Selatan sebelum ia pimpin?

(Sumber : infopalestina.com)